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ФИЗИКА ГОРНЫХ ПОРОД И ПРОЦЕССОВ
Название Обеспечение геодинамической безопасности при подземной разработке месторождений
DOI 10.17580/gzh.2017.09.12
Автор Шабаров А. Н., Цирель С. В.
Информация об авторе

Научный центр геомеханики и проблем горного производства Санкт-Петербургского горного университета, Санкт-Петербург, Россия:

Шабаров А. Н., директор, д-р техн. наук

Цирель С. В., главный научный сотрудник, д-р техн. наук, tsirel58@mail.ru

Реферат

Оценено влияние тектонических нарушений на ведение подземных работ. Описаны методы определения геодинамически опасных зон, проведена их классификация, выделены геологические признаки участков разломов с различным уровнем риска. В качестве примера рассмотрено ведение горных работ на шахтах Воркутинского угольного бассейна и Северо-Уральских бокситовых рудниках. Определены четыре стадии предупреждения опасных динамических явлений – геодинамическое районирование, оценка рисков, геодинамический мониторинг, мероприятия по снижению рисков.

Ключевые слова Подземная разработка, разлом, геодинамическое районирование, тектонически напряженная зона, тектонически разгруженная зона, горные удары, горно-тектонические удары, мониторинг, противоударные мероприятия
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