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ArticleName Regulatory and legal framework for transition to the best available techniques in mining
DOI 10.17580/gzh.2019.01.06
ArticleAuthor Mochalova L. A.

Ural State Mining University, Yekaterinburg, Russia:

L. A. Mochalova, Head of Chair for Economics and Management, Doctor of Economic Sciences,


The article discusses the regulatory and legal framework for the transition to the best available techniques (BAT) in mining. The author thinks that introduction of the advanced environment-oriented and low-impact technologies will ensure ecological safety of mining and, thereby, environmentally sustainable development of Russia. On the one hand, mineral mining, as a type of economic activity, still takes appreciable part in the gross domestic product of our country; on the other hand, this sector is a chief source of environmental impact in Russia. Introducing BAT in mines requires cardinal modifications in the national industrial and economic policy of Russia; these modifications started in 2014 after passage of relevant regulatory and legal documents. Shaping of national BAT framework in Russia is headed toward development of a system of technologybased standards based on procedures borrowed from the European Union’ experience. Such standardization rests upon “vertical” (effective inside an industry sector) and “horizontal” (effective between industry sectors) guides on BAT. This article reviews such domestic guides in mining. An emphasis is laid on the “horizontal” information guide on BAT 16-2016: Mining Industry. General Processes and Methods. It is specified that this guide is a strong foundation for the development of “vertical” guides for mines. The author identifies some specific problems of regulatory and legal framework for BAT introduction in mines. One of the challenges is obtaining governmental support for the necessary ecological and technological reforms.

keywords Industrial and environmental policy, best available techniques, regulatory and legal instruments, information guides, environmental impact, mines

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