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MINING INDUSTRY IN THE MURMANSK REGION: CURRENT CONDITIONS AND PROSPECTS
ArticleName Mineral reserves and mineral resources of the Murmansk Region: Current conditions and prospects
DOI 10.17580/gzh.2019.06.01
ArticleAuthor Lukichev S. V., Zhirov D. V., Churkin O. E.
ArticleAuthorData

Mining Institute, Kola Science Center, Russian Academy of Sciences, Apatity, Russia:

S. V. Lukichev, Director, Doctor of Engineering Sciences
O. E. Churkin, Academic Secretary, Candidate of Engineering Sciences, churkin@goi.kolasc.net.ru

Geological Institute, Kola Science Center, Russian Academy of Sciences, Apatity, Russia:

D. V. Zhirov, Head of Department for Innovations

Abstract

In view of the structure and degree of development, mineral resources and mineral reserves play significant role in the economy of the Murmansk Region and largely determine the prospects for its development. The region’s mining industry has a good resource base, operates stably and ensures production and processing of the most important minerals (apatite, nepheline, non-ferrous and rare metals, iron, mica, baddeleite). In the region there are six large city-forming mining companies. The Kola region possesses one of the richest minear reserves in Russia. In addition to apatite, iron, nonferrous and rare metal deposits, there are proven platinum-metal, kyanite, barite, titanium-magnetiteilmenite and chromium deposits, as well as gold and molybdenum objects, quartz for smelting and a number of others. Rich oil and gas fields have been discovered on the shelf. This allows building a long-term strategy of socio-economic development in the Murmansk Region. The extensive mineral mining for 50–80 years and more has resulted in a number of common problems in mines. These are deterioration of geotechnical conditions in deeper level mining, reduction of ore quality, increase of capital and operating costs, depletion of reserves in the highly profitable nearsurface part of the most deposits, curtailment of exploration work, reduction of exploration, drop in reproduction of reserves and other problems. Taking into account the existing challenges, the priority tasks for the further development of the mining industry are increment of reserves at the deposits being mined, increase in efficiency of extraction and integrated processing of minerals through introduction of innovative technologies and new equipment, development of promising deposits, and mining and processing waste management. One of the ways to advance the mineral sector is to involve unconventional sources of minerals using conventional capabilities alongside with new innovative technologies and equipment as well as new ways of project investments.

keywords Mineral reserves and mineral resources, mining, deposit, integrated mining and processing works, ore, mineral
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