Journals →  Gornyi Zhurnal →  2020 →  #9 →  Back

ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION
ArticleName Integrated research and monitoring of mine tailings on the Kola Peninsula
DOI 10.17580/gzh.2020.09.15
ArticleAuthor Kalashnik A. I.
ArticleAuthorData

Mining Institute, Kola Science Center, Russian Academy of Sciences, Apatity, Russia:

A. I. Kalashnik, Head of Laboratory, Candidate of Engineering Sciences, kalashnik@goi.kolasc.net.ru

Abstract

The article presents the scientific and technical justification for the structure of integrated research and monitoring of tailings in terms of the major mines of the Kola Region. The data on the volume and quantity of mining waste in the tailings, as well as the parameters of the protective dams have been analyzed. The author has revealed the features of the volume ratio of ore production and mill tailings over a period from 2008 to 2020. The article presents some information about a laboratory founded at the Mining Institute of the Kola Science Center, intended to perform comprehensive studies and monitoring of the hydraulic facilities of tailings storages using modern interdisciplinary methods. The material and technical facilities, instruments, equipment and information resources used by the laboratory during the field and lab-scale operations are described. The author reviews the experience and results of comprehensive research and monitoring of large mine tailings in the Kola Region. The general features of the intensive accumulation of mine tailings have been revealed. A system-based structure of comprehensive research has been proposed, which implements the principles of multilevel (subsurface, surface, superterranean and space) and multiscale (from millimeter grains of soil to kilometer-sized tailings as a whole as an object) investigation. The implementation of the developed principles at the specific observation and monitoring objects has been substantiated. The author has justified integration of the methods, necessary equipment and regime of observation and monitoring activities. The developed principles of comprehensive research and monitoring of hydraulic facilities of tailings storages have been tested at all large mines of the Kola Region.

keywords Tailings, monitoring, multi-level and multi-scale research
References

1. Ritcey G. M. Tailings Management: Problems and Solutions in the Mining Industry. Amsterdam : Elsevier, 1989. 970 p.
2. Clarkson L., Williams D. Critical review of tailings dam monitoring best practice. International Journal of Mining, Reclamation and Environment. 2020. Vol. 34, Iss. 2. pp. 119–148.
3. Morin R. Satellite Remote Sensing for Effective Monitoring of Tailings Storage. Engineering and Mining Journal. 2016. December.
4. Ranks K. Talvivaary waste water disposal being stopped. Fontanka.ru 2012. URL: https://www.fontanka.ru/2012/11/11/fia07736/ (accessed: 12.05.2020).
5. Melnikov N. N., Kalashnik A. I., Kalashnik N. А. Integrated multi-level geofluid mechanics monitoring system for mine waterworks. Eurasian Mining. 2018. No. 2. pp. 7–10. DOI: 10.17580/em.2018.02.02
6. Melnikov N. N., Kalashnik A. I., Kalashnik N. A., Zaporozhets D. V. The use of modern methods for complex studies of the hydrotechnical structures of the Barents sea region. Vestnik Murmanskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta. 2017. Vol. 20, No. 1-1. pp. 13–20.
7. Arkhipov A. V., Reshetnyak S. P. Manmade deposits : formation and management. Apatity : KNTs RAN, 2017. 175 p.
8. Melnikov N. N., Busyrev V. M., Churkin O. E. Mining waste: appraisal and use efficiency. GIAB. 2018. No. 8. pp. 200–207.
9. Churkin O. E., Gilyarova A. A. Mining wastes management as an investment direction for the development of the Kola Peninsula mining industry. Ekonomika, predprinimatelstvo i pravo. 2020. Vol. 10, No. 3. pp. 905–916.
10. Melnikov N. N., Kalashnik A. I., Kalashnik N. A., Zaporozhets D. V. Integrated multi-level geomonitoring of natural-and-technical objects in the mining industry. Journal of Mining Science. 2018. Vol. 54, Iss 4. pp. 535–540.
11. Kalashnik N. A. 4D computer modelling of filtration-deformation processes in a protective tailing dam. GIAB. 2019. Special issue 37. Digital technologies in mining. pp. 393–400.
12. Napolskikh S. A., Kryuchkov A. V., Andrievsky A. O., Cheskidov V. V. Remote stability control of hydraulic inwash structures at Stoilensky Mining and Processing Plant. Gornyi Zhurnal. 2017. No. 10. pp. 52–55. DOI: 10.17580/gzh.2017.10.11
13. Besimbaeva O. G., Khmyrova E. N., Loginov A. V., Oleynikova E. A. Research of the opportunities of 3D modeling for mine surveying support of mining works. Interexpo Geo-Sibir. 2017. Vol. 1, No. 1. pp. 125–129.
14. Moseykin V. V., Galperin A. M., Cheskidov V. V., Punevsky S. A. Enhancement of automated remote slope monitoring in mines. Gornyi Zhurnal. 2017. No. 12. pp. 82–86. DOI: 10.17580/gzh.2017.12.16
15. Hartwig M. E. Detection of mine slope motions in Brazil as revealed by satellite radar interferograms. Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment. 2016. Vol. 75, Iss. 2. pp. 605–621.
16. Mikhaylov V. O., Kiseleva E. A., Smolyaninova E. I., Dmitriev P. N., Golubev V. I. et al. InSAR: new technologies of the satellite monitoring of mineral resources exploration fields and natural and man-made object displacements. Nauka i tekhnologicheskie razrabotki. 2016. Vol. 95, No. 3. pp. 5–11.

Language of full-text russian
Full content Buy
Back