Журналы →  Gornyi Zhurnal →  2019 →  №2 →  Назад

Название Geocryological exploration of frozen rock mass by nondestructive electromagnetic methods
DOI 10.17580/gzh.2019.02.06
Автор Soloviev E. E., Savvin D. V., Fedorova L. L.
Информация об авторе

Mirny Polytechnic Institute (Branch), Ammosov North-Eastern Federal University, Mirny, Russia:

E. E. Soloviev, Director, Candidate of Geologo-Mineralogical Sciences


Chersky Institute of Mining of the North, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Yakutsk, Russia:
D. V. Savvin, Senior Researcher, Candidate of Engineering Sciences, deophysic@mail.ru
L. L. Fedorova, Leading Researcher, Candidate of Engineering Sciences


The studies on the characteristic features of the georadar wave fields, as well as the development and adaptation of GPR for integration with other geophysical methods are presented. The results of the joint use of GPR and electrical resistivity tomography, as part of the in-method complex, having common electrophysical bases, to solve the problems of studying the negative cryogenic processes in soil foundations of mining and engineering structures are analyzed. It is shown that several types of anomalous wave patterns are distinguished according to georadar data, confirmed both by the data of geoelectric sections and by the data of borehole drilling. The article describes geocryological conditions of frozen rock mass, their main electrophysical properties, georadar models of seasonal thawing–freezing layer and talik. The experimental geophysical studies are presented in terms of the dam survey within the Kangalas coal mine, protecting the open pit mine from surface water, as well as in the right-of-way of the main pipeline. The field geophysical technique as well as the data processing and interpretation results are considered.
This study was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, Project No. 18–45–140061-r_a.

Ключевые слова Frozen rock, electrical resistivity tomography, ground-penetrating radar, integration of methods, electrical resistivity (resistivity), dielectric permittivity (ε’), interpretative geological section
Библиографический список

1. Ogilvi A. A. Basic engineering geophysics: Textbook. Moscow : Nedra, 1990. 501 p.
2. Nim Yu. A., Omelyanenko A. V., Stognii V. V. Pulse electrical exploration in permafrost zone. Novosibirsk : OIGGM SO RAN, 1994. 190 p.
3. Zykov Yu. D. Geophysical methods of permafrost zone exploration: Textbook. Moscow : MGU, 2007. 264 p.
4. Yakupov V. S. Exploration of frozen strata by geophysical methods. Yakutsk : YAF SO RAN, 2000. 336 p.
5. Omelyanenko A. V., Fedorova L. L. Ground penetrating radar exploration of permafrost rocks. Yakutsk : YANTS SO RAN, 2006. 136 p.
6. Vladov M. L., Sudakova M. S. Ground penetrating radar. From basic physics to advanced applications : Study aid. Moscow : GEOS, 2017. 240 p.
7. Bobachev A. A., Gorbunov A. A., Modin I. N., Shevnin V. A. Electrical resistivity and induced polarization tomography. Devices and Systems of Exploration Geophysics. 2006. No. 2. pp. 14–17.
8. Marescot L., Loke M. H., Chapellier D., Delaloye R., Lambiel C., Reynard E. Assessing reliability of 2D resistivity imaging in mountain permafrost studies using the depth of investigation index method. Near Surface Geophysics. 2003. Vol. 1, No. 2. pp. 57–67.
9. Lalomov D. A., Glazounov V. V. Determination of electrophysical parameters of a sand-clay. Geological cross-section by combined application of ground penetrating radar and electrical resistivity tomography. Engineering survey. 2015. No. 5–6. P. 58–68.
10. Arató A., Piro S., Sambuelli L. 3D inversion of ERT data on an archaeological site using GPR reflection and 3D inverted magnetic data as a priori information. Near Surface Geophysics. 2015. Vol. 13, No. 6. pp. 545–556.
11. Erokhin S. A., Pelevin A. A., Modin I. N., Pavlova A. M., Shishkina T. V. 3D electrical resistivity tomography and ground penetratiung radar in resurvey of kurgans of Old-Russian time at Suzdal. Engineering Geophysics–2015 : II Scientific–Practical Conference Proceedings. Gelendzhik, 2015. DOI: 10.3997/2214–4609.201412226
12. Velikin S. A., Marchenko U. L., Bazhin K. I. Geophysical research during the study of engineering and geocryological state of host rocks in the eastern mine Nyurb (Western Yakutia). Bulletin of Kamchatka Regional Association Educational-Scientific Center. Earth Sciences. 2015. No. 3(27). pp. 35–46.
13. Sjöberg Y., Marklund P., Pettersson R., Lyon S. W. Geophysical mapping of palsa peatland permafrost. The Cryosphere. 2015. Vol. 9, Iss. 2. pp. 465–478.
14. Deiana R., Bonetto J., Mazzariol A. IIntegrated Electrical Resistivity Tomography and Ground Penetrating Radar Measurements Applied to Tomb Detection. Surveys in Geophysics. 2018. Vol. 39, Iss. 6. pp. 1081–1105.
15. Zhang R.V. Geocryology principles of earth dams for low and medium pressures in permafrost in a changing climate. Fundamental research. 2014. No. 9–2. pp. 288–296.
16. Shesternev D. M., Shesternev D. D. Buckling of rocks under degeneration of permafrost zone. Yakutsk : Izdatelstvo Instituta merzlotovedeniya. SO RAN, 2012. 193 p.
17. Shepelev V. V. Suprapermafrost water. Novosibirsk : Geo, 2011. 169 p.
18. Frolov A. D. Electrical and elastic properties of frozen rocks and ice. Pushchino : ONTI ONTS RAN, 1998. 515 p.
19. Yakupov V. S. Electrical conductivity and geo-electric cross-section of frozen strata. Moscow : Nauka, 1968. 179 p.
20. Stognii V. V. Impulsive induction survey of talik in permafrost zone in Central Yakutia. Yakutsk, 2003. 124 p.
21. Finkelshtein M. I., Karpukhin V. I., Kutev V. A., Metelkin V. N. Subsurface radar. Moscow : Radio i svyaz, 1994. 216 p.
22. Alekseev V. R. Cryology of Siberia. Novosibirsk : Geo, 2008. 483 p.
23. Warren C., Giannopoulos A., Giannakis I. GprMax: open source software to simulate electromagnetic wave propagation for Ground Penetrating Radar. Computer Physics Communications. 2016. Vol. 209. pp. 163–170.
24. Fedorova L. L., Sokolov K. O., Kulyandin G. A. Georadar exploration of ground conditions in dredge areas. Gornyi Zhurnal. 2015. No. 4. pp. 10–14. DOI: 10.17580/gzh.2015.04.02
25. OKO Ground penetrating radars. Logis-Geotekh. Available at: http://www.geotech.ru/market/katalog_oborudovaniya/georadar_oko/ (accessed: 11.11.2018).
26. Multichannel electrical exploration equipment and software system Omega-48. Logis-Geotekh. Available at: http://www.geotech.ru/market/katalog_oborudovaniya/elektrorazvedochnaya_apparatura_i_apparatura_dlya_elektrotomografii/mnogokanalnyj_elektrorazvedochnyj_apparaturno-programmnyj_kompleks_omega-48/ (accessed: 11.11.2018).
27. Electrical tomography data interpretation program ZondRes2d. Zond Software. Available at: http://zond-geo.com/software/resistivity-imaging-ves/zondres2d/ (accessed: 19.10.2018).
28. Software support and engineering specification of OKO-2 ground penetrating radar. Logis-Geotekh. Available at: http://www.geotech.ru/news1/programmnoe_obespechenie_i_tehnicheskaya_dokumentaciya_na_georadar_oko-2/ (accessed: 11.11.2018).
29. Skala-48 multielectrode electrical exploration equipment: Specification and manual. 2013. Available at: http://nemfis.ru/pdf/siber_48_instruction_manual.pdf (accessed: 15.10.2018).
30. Detailed Product Description: RES2DINVx32/x64. Geotomo Software. Available at: https://www.geotomosoft.com/products.php (accessed: 11.11.2018).

Language of full-text русский
Полный текст статьи Получить