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ArticleName Justification of disturbed land reclamation after open pit mining of kimberlite pipes in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)
DOI 10.17580/em.2020.01.13
ArticleAuthor Zenkov I. V., Morin A. S., Vokin V. N., Kiryushina E. V.

Siberian Federal University, Krasnoyarsk, Russia:

Zenkov I. V., Doctor of Engineering Sciences, Professor,
Morin A. S., Head of Chair, Doctor of Engineering Sciences
Vokin V. N., Candidate of Engineering Sciences, Professor
Kiryushina E. V., Candidate of Engineering Sciences, Associate Professor


Since the middle of the 20th century, natural diamonds enjoy an increasing demand in the world. In Russia diamonds are mostly extracted by open pit mining in the northern areas of the Arkhangelsk Region and in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia). In these regions, natural landscape has suffered the heaviest disturbance due to mining. Based on the remote sensing results, it has been concluded on the low efficiency of vegetation cover on the surface of overburden dumps and processed kimberlite storages at mining and processing plants which carry out open pit mining of diamonds from kimberlite pipes in Yakutia. The highest vegetation cover ratio of 0.2155 is determined on the surface of processed kimberlite storages at the Mir pipe, the lowest index of 0.0073 belongs to overburden dumps at the Aikhal pipe. The ecology of the natural and mining-induced landscape is assessed by means of comparison of their vegetation cover ratios. For the mining-induced landscapes at kimberlite pipes, considering their geographical location in the territory of Russia, the package of measures is proposed for the land reclamation. The implementation of these measures will accelerate recovery of ecological balance in the areas adjacent to the objects of the mining-induced landscapes.

keywords Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), diamond mining, natural and mining-induced landscapes, ecologically inadmissible indices, remote sensing, vegetation ecosystem, land reclamation

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Full content Justification of disturbed land reclamation after open pit mining of kimberlite pipes in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)