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ArticleName Operational control of rib pillar stability
DOI 10.17580/em.2020.02.02
ArticleAuthor Baryah A. A., Evseev A. V., Lomakin I. S., Tsayukov A. A.

Perm Federal Research Center, Ural Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Perm, Russia:

Baryah A. A., Director, Doctor of Engineering Sciences, Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences


Mining Institute—Division of the Perm Federal Research Center, Ural Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Perm, Russia:
Evseev A. V., Researcher, Candidate of Engineering Sciences,
Lomakin I. S., Researcher, Candidate of Engineering Sciences
Tsayukov A. A., Engineer


In room-and-pillar mineral mining, rib pillars should support overlying rock mass for the specified time limit of production. Therefore, one of the mining safety components is monitoring of the behavior of rib pillars in the course of time. For the conditions of the room-andpillar method of mining, the authors propose a monitoring procedure for rib pillar deformation based on operational measurements of horizontal convergence in stopes. The theoretical and experimental research proves that transverse deformation of rib pillars is an informative parameter suitable for generalized assessment of pillar failure. The obtained ranges of critical transverse deformation rates (50–100 mm/m/yr) in rib pillars can tentatively be used as an indicator of the critical stability of load-bearing structures in room-and-pillar mining. In-situ determination of the integral transverse deformation rates in rib pillars is based on the ratio of the measured horizontal convergence in stopes to the width of pillars. Implementation of the proposed approach in the Upper Kama potash salt mines has proved its applicability to identification of rock mass areas where intense deformation is expected. The comparison of the monitoring data of the transverse deformation rates and their critical values determined makes it possible to predict service life of rib pillars, which is very important in terms of safety of mining operations.

This study was supported by the Russian Science Foundation, Grant No. 19-77-30008.

keywords Room-and-pillar mining system, pillar stability, deformation, control, mathematical modeling

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