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Rolling and Other Metal Forming Processes
ArticleName Features of structure and properties formation in welded joints made of A500C and B500C strength classes reinforcing steels
DOI 10.17580/chm.2021.02.05
ArticleAuthor M. A. Sheksheev, A. B. Sychkov, S. V. Mikhaylitsyn, E. S. Shemetova

Nosov Magnitogorsk State Technical University (Magnitogorsk, Russia):

M. A. Sheksheev, Cand. Eng., Associate Prof., Dept. of Machines and Technologies of Metal Forming and Mechanical Engineering, E-mail:
A. B. Sychkov, Dr. Eng., Prof., Dept. of Foundry Processes and Materials, E-mail:
S. V. Mikhailitsyn, Cand. Eng., Associate Prof., Machines and Technologies of Forming and Mechanical Engineering, E-mail:
E. S. Shemetova, Senior Lecturer, Dept. of Machines and Technologies of Metal Forming and Mechanical Engineering, E-mail:


In the manufacture of welded reinforcing mesh, rolled products of various strength classes are used. High requirements for mechanical properties and structural condition are imposed on welded joints. Connections must provide a set of operational properties. This article presents the results of studies of the structure and mechanical properties of welded joints of reinforced rolled products of strength classes A500C and B500C, performed by spot welding. It is established that the weld (core) of A500C strength class steel is characterized by the presence of a layer of cast metal (hardness 180–190 HV) with slag inclusions. In the heat-affected zone, widmanstett ferrite and bainite — like structures with a hardness of 251–268 HV are observed. The temporary breaking resistance of A500C steel joints is 322–350 MPa. It is shown that the welded joint of steel of strength class B500C does not have a clear division into structural zones. Similar bainite structures in the form of batch formations are observed in the seam and the heat-affected zone. The hardness of the metal of the welded joint is in the range from 205 to 241 HV, and the level of temporary resistance is 510–525 MPa. It is established that the probable cause of premature failure of welded joints of A500C steel is the presence of large slag formations in the metal seam (core). This may be due to insufficient cleaning and preparation of the weld site. Particles of scale and other contaminants fall into the molten metal of the core and "freeze" in it, forming slag inclusions. Cavities filled with slag reduce the cross-section of the seam and as a result significantly weaken it. In addition, slag inclusions are additional stress concentrators and act as a source of destruction when an external load is applied. For the manufacturer of reinforcing nets, it is proposed, as a technological recommendation, to use additional tools for cleaning the welding site in the form of metal brushes or abrasive tools with additional surface degreasing.

keywords Spot welding, rebar rolling, welded joint, cast core, heataff ected zone, metal structure, slag inclusions, mechanical properties, weldability

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