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ArticleName Static wetting angles of water and sulphur at the zinc sulphide surface modified with anionic surfactants and their combinations
DOI 10.17580/tsm.2021.04.05
ArticleAuthor Kolmachikhina E. B., Lugovitskaya T. N., Naumov K. D.

Ural Federal University named after the First President of Russia B. N. Yeltsin, Yekaterinburg, Russia:

E. B. Kolmachikhina, Associate Professor, Candidate of Technical Sciences, e-mail:
T. N. Lugovitskaya, Associate Professor, Candidate of Technical Sciences
K. D. Naumov, Lecturer, Candidate of Technical Sciences


This paper looks at the effect produced by surface modification of the super pure zinc sulphide monocrystals with certain surfactants and their combinations (sodium lignosulphonate (SLS), sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS), sodium dodecylbenzenesulphonate (SDBS) and the following combinations: SLS + SDS, SLS + SDBS on the surface angle of wetting with water and elemental sulphur melt. It was found that as the concentration of individual surfactants in the solution rose, so did the wetting ability of the mineral surface. Thus, at the surfactant concentration of 0.8 g/dm3 the water wetting angle reaches 48.4o for SLS, 22.5o for SDS and 10.3o for SDBS; the elemental sulphur wetting angle is 71.3o for SLS, 76.9o for SDS and 67.9o for SDBS. The work of adhesion in the system ZnS – Surfactant – Н2О increases by 9–11%, and in the system ZnS – Surfactant – S0 — by 5–8%. When using the combinations SLS + SDS (СSLS = 0.2–0.8 g/dm3) and SLS + SDBS (СSLS = 0.2 g/dm3), inverse surface wetting of zinc sulphide with elemental sulphur melt is observed. The maximum wetting angles reached are 93o and 85o, correspondingly. The work of adhesion and the spreading coefficient expectedly decrease. The paper analyzes the effect of individual surfactants and their combinations on the pressure leaching of zinc sulphide concentrate. The use of individual surfactants intensifies the transition of valuable components into the solution. The biggest increase in recovery was seen when using SLS, and namely 27–32% for zinc and 11–16% for copper. The recovery of zinc increased by 31–41% in the presence of SLS + SDS and by 27–34% in the presence of SLS + SDBS.
This research was funded by the Russian Science Foundation, Grant No. 18-19-00186.

keywords Zinc sulphide, elemental sulphur, surfactants, wetting angle, pressure leaching

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