Journals →  Gornyi Zhurnal →  2022 →  #1 →  Back

ArticleName Technologies of mine roof support using cable bolters: Experience and prospects
DOI 10.17580/gzh.2022.01.17
ArticleAuthor Shurtin D. A., Dudin A. A., Lysenko M. V.

RANK 2, Kemerovo, Russia:

D. A. Shurtin, Head of the Mines Group at the Sales Department


RANK, Kemerovo, Russia:
A. A. Dudin, CEO
M. V. Lysenko, Chief Technical Officer,


The modern mines in Russia and in the near abroad target themselves at effective mechanization and higher production output through modernization of manufacturing capabilities. Currently mining is carried out at great depths and in wider roadways using large-size self-propelling machinery. The geological conditions complicate with growing depth of mining, which impedes operations as a rule. At the present day, mine support systems for great depths include heavy steel support, which calls for essential physical and technical resources. Thus, it is required to improve methods of mine support and to expand application ranges of rock bolting. As a case-study of Maisky Mine, the authors discuss applicability of RANK 2 AK series cable bolting using a cable bolter and with anchorage using chemical ampules and injection syringe. The two-level support design, using a cable bolt anchored using a chemical ampule, with individual supporting components such as a plate or a pickup without complete fill of a hole, is the most effective method of mine roof support. Moreover, it enables safe and efficient operations at intersections in the mine, or in wide roadways, with no blocking the ways for personnel or for rock haulage by large-size self-propelling machines.

keywords Roadways, support and maintenance, two-level design, cable bolts, mineral ampules, sandand- cement mixture

1. SP 91.13330.2012. Underground mine workings (SNiP II-94–80). Moscow : Minregion Rossii, 2012. 53 p.
2. Guide for the choice of frame yielding support of excavations. 2nd enlarged and revised edition. Saint-Petersburg, 1991. 125 p.
3. Manual on rockbolting, cable bolting, shotcreting and mixed-type mine support design in Aikhal Mine. Kemerovo : OOO RANK 2, 2018. 127 p.
4. Federal rules and regulations in the area of industrial safety : Safety rules in mining operations and solid minerals processing. Iss. 78. Series 03. Inter-branch documents for the issues of industrial safety and soil protection. Moscow : ZAO NTTs PB, 2015. 273 p.
5. Federal industrial safety code : Guidelines on rock bolting pattern design and application in coal mines. Iss. 42. Series. 05. Documents for safety, permitting and supervisory actions in coal industry. Moscow : ZAO NTTs PB, 2015. 186 p.
6. Shirokov A. P., Pislyakov B. G. Roof support design for underground openings. Moscow : Nedra, 1978. 304 p.
7. Razumov E. A.,Eremenko V. A., Zayatdinov D. F., Matveev A. S., Grechishkin P. V. et al. Calculation of rock bolting parameters for mine roadways in permafrost rocks. GIAB. 2013. No. 9. pp. 39–47.
8. Shekhurdin V. K. Book of problems on mining operations, heading and mine support : Teaching aid. Moscow : Nedra, 1985. 240 p.
9. Guidance on design of underground digging and lining calculation. Moscow : Stroyizdat, 1983. 272 p.
10. Nikolskiy A. M., Ordin A. A., Kurilko A. S., Klishin V. I., Kulakov V. N. Non-pillar technology of underground mining of placer deposits in Yakutia. Novosibirsk : Nauka, 2014. 276 p.
11. Borshch-Komponiets V. I. Practical mechanics of rocks. Moscow : Gornaya kniga, 2013. 322 p.
12. Borovkov Yu. A. Rock mass behavior control in underground geotechnology : Teaching aid. Saint-Petersburg : Lan, 2018. 240 p.
13. Pivnyak G., Bondarenko V., Kovalevska I., Illiashov M. Mining of Mineral Deposits: Annual Scientific-Technical Collection. London : CRC Press, 2013. 382 p.
14. Zong-Xian Zhang. Rock Fracture and Blasting: Theory and Applications. Amsterdam : Elsevier, 2015. 528 p.
15. Hudson J. A., Xia-Ting Feng. Rock Engineering Risk. Leiden : CRC Press/Balkema, 2015. 594 p.
16. Bondarenko V., Kovalevska I., Symanovych H., Barabash M., Vivcharenko O. Geomechanics of Mine Workings Support Systems. Leiden : CRC Press/Balkema, 2018. 231 p.
17. Sidorov D. V., Ponomarenko T. V. Estimation methodology for geodynamic behavior of nature-andtechnology systems in implementation of mineral mining projects. Gornyi Zhurnal. 2020. No. 1. pp. 49–52. DOI: 10.17580/gzh.2020.01.09
18. Khomenko O. E., Lyashenko V. I. Geoenergetic fundamentals of ore deposits underground mining. Izvestiya vuzov. Gornyi zhurnal. 2017. No. 8. pp. 10–18.
19. Khomenko O. E., Lyashenko V. I. Resource-saving technologies for ore extraction at great depths. Izvestiya vuzov. Gornyi zhurnal. 2018. No. 8. pp. 23–33.
20. Abaturova I. V., Savintsev I. A., Borisikhina O. A., Kozlov V. S. Regularities in the formation of physical-mechanical properties of rock at gold ore fields. Izvestiya vuzov. Gornyi zhurnal. 2017. No. 8. pp. 92–101.
21. Xiaowei Guo, Xigui Zheng, Peng Li, Rui Lian, Cancan Liu et al. Full-Stress Anchoring Technology and Application of Bolts in the Coal Roadway. Energies. 2021. Vol. 14, Iss. 22. 7475. DOI: 10.3390/en14227475
22. Mengxiong Fu, Shaowei Liu, Housheng Jia, Deyin He. Experimental Study of an Orientation and Resin-Lifting Device for Improving the Performance of Resin-Anchored Roof Bolts. Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering. 2020. Vol. 53, Iss. 1. pp. 211–231.
23. Tianjun Zhang, Jiaokun Wu, Yong Chen, Hong Ding, Hongyu Ma et al. The Relationship between Mining-Induced Stress and Coal Gas under an Optimized Support Scheme: A Case Study in the Guanyinshan Coal Mine, China. Geofluids. 2021. Vol. 2021. ID 2421398. DOI: 10.1155/2021/2421398
24. Dudin A. A., Lysenko M. V., Shurtin D. A. Introduction of mine support technology using multifunctional deep-seated AK01-25 series bolts in Internatsionalny Mine of ALROSA. Gornyi Zhurnal. 2021. No. 1. pp. 49–51.

Language of full-text russian
Full content Buy