Journals →  Gornyi Zhurnal →  2022 →  #5 →  Back

ArticleName Waste-free processing of lowland peat for production of liquid organomineral fertilizers
DOI 10.17580/gzh.2022.05.03
ArticleAuthor Grekhova I. V., Grekhova V. Yu.

Northern Trans-Ural State Agricultural University, Tyumen, Russia:

I. V. Grekhova, Professor, Associate Professor, Doctor of Biological Sciences,


Evrika Science and Production Association, Tyumen, Russia:
V. Yu. Grekhova, CEO


The Tyumen Region holds extensive resources of peat, which should be considered as a raw material for the production of organic and organomineral fertilizers. The purpose of this research is the development of a waste-free technology for the production of organomineral fertilizers based on humic substances of lowland peat. The tests of three grades of organomineral fertilizer were carried out in accordance with the State Test Methodology, and soil properties were determined in accordance with the relevant state standards (GOSTs). The humic acid extraction method developed at the General Chemistry Department of the Northern Trans-Ural State Agricultural University produces two types of waste in a large volume: a liquid sediment mixture after separation of humic substances from peat and a supernatant solution after precipitation of humic acids. At present, a non-waste method for obtaining organic-mineral fertilizers from lowland peat has been patented. From a liquid sedimentary mixture of peat and humic substances, a peat–humic fertilizer is prepared for application to the soil. This fertilizer increases crop productivity and humus content, and reduces soil acidity. From the supernatant solution with fulvic acids, a huminomineral fertilizer is prepared for foliar feeding of plants. After centrifugation, a humic product is prepared from the gel of precipitated humic acids for pre-sowing, foliar and root feeding of plants. The products were tested on spring wheat, spring rapeseed, onion and apple trees. All products increased the yield and quality of products. The profitability of the production of three grades of organomineral (one product of each stage of production) fertilizer in comparison with the production technology of only one biostimulant is increased by 2.3 times. Currently, the procedure for their state registration is underway.

keywords Liquid organic fertilizers, humic products, humic acids, fulvic acids, peat, peat processing, technology

1. Novikov M. N. Biologization as a farming optimization factor in the Non-Chernozem Zone in Russia. Stimulation of Soil Fertility and Application of Fertilizers : International Conference Proceedings. Minsk : IFTs Minfina, 2019. pp. 80–81.
2. Kuzmenko N. N. Change in soddy–podzolic soil fertility characteristics with different combinations of fertilizers. Stimulation of Soil Fertility and Application of Fertilizers : International Conference Proceedings. Minsk : IFTs Minfina, 2019. pp. 51–52.
3. Zaytseva G. A., Andreeva N. V. The influence of mineral fertilizers on common physical properties, ferment activity soil and productivities of winter wheat in typical agrofitocenoze. Agro XXI. 2011. No. 4-6. pp. 10–11.
4. Afanasev R. A., Merzlaya G. E. Comparative efficiency of fertilizer systems. Eurasian Soil Science. 2021. No. 2. pp. 31–36.
5. Ivanov A. I., Ivanova Zh. A. Agroecological evaluation of organic-mineral fertilizer for one rotation of a field crop rotation in degraded sod-podzolics soil. Eurasian Soil Science. 2021. No. 6. pp. 28–35.
6. Borisov V. A., Uspenskaya O. N., Vasyuchkov I. Yu. Productivity and quality of vegetable crops when using mineral, organic and organo-mineral fertilizer systems. Eurasian Soil Science. 2021. No. 12. pp. 42–46.
7. Bambalov N. N., Sokolov G. A. Inevitability of substitution of mineral fertilizers for the organomineral materials. Stimulation of Soil Fertility and Application of Fertilizers : International Conference Proceedings. Minsk : IFTs Minfina, 2019. pp. 18–19.
8. Kovrik S. I., Bambalov N. N., Sokolov G. A., Kushnerova S. A. Copper- and zinc-containing microelement-added humic fertilizers. Stimulation of Soil Fertility and Application of Fertilizers : International Conference Proceedings. Minsk : IFTs Minfina, 2019. pp. 49–50.
9. Naumova G. V., Stepuro M. F., Pas P. V., Makarova N. L., Zhmakova N. A. et al. Tezoro humat-containing fertilizer with microelements and its application efficiency as a case-study of tomato culture for open ground. Stimulation of Soil Fertility and Application of Fertilizers : International Conference Proceedings. Minsk : IFTs Minfina, 2019. pp. 78–79.
10. Khristeva L. A. Contribution of humic acids and other organic substances to higher plant nutrition. Soviet Soil Science. 1953. No. 10. pp. 24–29.
11. Humic products : Collected works. Tyumen, 1971. Vol. XIV. 266 p.
12. Gorovaya A. I., Orlov D. S., Shcherbenko O. V. Humic substances : Structure, functions, mechanism, protective properties, and environmental effect. Kiev : Naukova dumka, 1995. 303 p.
13. Grekhova I. V. Influence of humic products on life of plants. Actual Issues of the Development of Agricultural Sectors: Theory and Practice. Proceedings of III All-Russian Conference with International Participation : Problems and Prospects of Biological Farming and Proceedings of I All-Russian Conference of Young Sciences in Agribusiness Industry. Rostov-on-Don – Taganrog : Izdatelstvo Yuzhnogo federalnogo universiteta, 2019. pp. 27–33.
14. Litvinenko N. V., Kurtova A. V., Grekhova I. V. Influence of cultures of presowing and nonroot treatment by Rostok humiс drug on productivity. Mezhdunarodnyi nauchno-issledovatelskiy zhurnal. 2020. No. 7-1(97). pp. 160–163.
15. Anielak A. M., Kłeczek A., Łomińska-Płatek D., Orliński T. Humic substances in municipal water management. Humic substances and ecoadaptive technologies : Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference of the CIS IHSS on humic innovative technologies : Book of Abstracts. Moscow, 2021. p. 23.
16. Trevisan S., Francioso O., Quaggiotti S., Nardi S. Humic substances biological activity at the plant-soil interface. Plant Signaling & Behavior. 2020. Vol. 5, Iss. 6. pp. 635–643.
17. Rose M. T., Patti A. F., Little K. R., Brown A. L., Jackson W. R. et al. A Meta-Analysis and Review of Plant-Growth Response to Humic Substances: Practical Implications for Agriculture. Advances in Agronomy. Amsterdam : Elsevier, 2014. Vol. 124. pp. 37–89.
18. Nardi S., Pizzeghello D., Muscolo A., Vianello A. Physiological effects of humic substances on higher plants. Soil Biology & Biochemistry. 2002. Vol. 34, Iss. 11. pp. 1527–1536.
19. Clapp C. E., Cline V. W., Hayes M. H. B., Cheng H. H. Plant growth promoting activity of humic substances. Understanding and Managing Organic Matter in Soils, Sediments, and Waters : Proceedings of the 9th International Conference of the International Humic Substances Society. Adelaide, 1998. pp. 243–255.
20. Kulikova N. A. Protective action of humic substances relative to plants in soil and water environment under abiotic stress : Thesis of Dissertation … of Doctor of Biological Sciences. Moscow, 2008. 48 p.
21. Akatova E. V., Dmitrieva E. D., Syund yukova K. V., Leonteva M. M., Muzafarov E. N. Detoxifying capacity of humic substances from different origin peats of the tula region in relation to heavy metal ions. Khimiya rastitelnogo syrya. 2017. No. 1. pp. 119–127.
22. Selyanina S. B., Ponomareva T. I., Yarygina O. N., Trufanova M. V., Zubov I. N. Biologically active components of peat of the Arctic zone of Russian Federation. Khimiya rastitelnogo syrya. 2020. No. 1. pp. 293–301.
23. Dmitrieva E. D., Gertsen M. M., Gorelova S. V. The influence of humic acids on the sowing qualities of cockweed in oil pollution. Khimiya rastitelnogo syrya. 2019. No. 4. pp. 349–357.
24. Shvykin A. Yu., Chilachava K. B., Boykova O. I., Perelomov L. V., Atroshchenko Yu. M. The Chemical Modification of Peat Humic Acids by Natural and Synthetic Plant Growth Regulators and Biological Activity Studies of Synthesized Products. Eurasian Soil Science. 2017. No. 6. pp. 45–51.
25. Zhernova S. Yu., Zhernov G. O. Eco-friendly methods for combating soybean root rot in the Kurgan Region. Agrarnyi vestnik Urala. 2010. No. 7(73). pp. 64–66.
26. Suleymenov B. U., Seytmenbetova A. T. Influence of humic fertilizer ‘bioecogum’ on biochemical indicators of winter wheat grain quality. Pochvovedenie i agrokhimiya. 2021. No. 1. pp. 64–73.
27. Suslov A. A., Ratnikov A. N., Sviridenko D. G., Arysheva S. P., Ivankin N. G. et al. Application of new organic-mineral complex Humiton in corn cultivation on grey forest soils of Bryansk region. Plodorodie. 2020. No. 1(112). pp. 21–23.
28. Akhiyarov B. G., Akhiyarova L. M., Bikmetov R. R. Yielding and quality of carrot root crops as dependent on the use of growth regulators. Izvestiya Orenburgskogo gosudarstvennogo agrarnogo universiteta. 2015. No. 5(55). pp. 61–63.
29. Teterin V. S., Teterina O. A., Kostenko M. Yu. Aerosol treatment of seed grains by humat-based stimulators. Innovative Approaches to Development of Regional Agribusiness Industry : Proceedings of the 67th International Conference. Ryazan : Izdatelstvo RGATU im. P. A. Kostycheva, 2016. Vol. 1. pp. 88–91.
30. Kukharenko T. A., Shapiro S. A. Basic technology for production of humic acids. Humic Fertilizers. Theory and Application : Collected Works. Kharkov, 1957. pp. 39–45.
31. Komissarov I. D., Grekhova I. V., Mikheev M. Yu. et al. Method for preparing humic biostimulating agent. Patent RF, No. 2228921. Applied: 08.08.2002. Published: 20.05.2004.
32. Kozulin A., Tanovitskaya N., Minchenko N. Developing a national strategy for the conservation and sustainable use of peatlands in the Republic of Belarus. Mires and Peat. 2018. Vol. 21. 5. DOI: 10.19189/MaP.2016.OMB.227
33. Dudkin D. V., Fedyaeva I. M. Low-waste technology of producing humic substances from peat of different botanical composition and decomposition degree. Khimiya rastitelnogo syrya. 2018. No. 2. pp. 175–182.
34. Grekhova I. V., Grekhova V. Yu. Method of producing organomineral fertilizers. Patent RF, No. 2738474. Applied: 04.09.2020. Published: 14.12.2020. Bulletin No. 35.
35. Sokolov G. A., Stepuro M. F., Krasnoberskaya O. G., Matyuk T. V., Pas P. V. Effect of integrated organomineral granular fertilizers on productivity of vegetable crop on weakly sandy soddy–podzolic soil. Stimulation of Soil Fertility and Application of Fertilizers : International Conference Proceedings. Minsk : IFTs Minfina, 2019. pp. 103–104.
36. Sosnovskaya N. E., Bambalov N. N., Sokolov G. A. Stimulation of humic substances in production of integrated organomineral granular fertilizers. Stimulation of Soil Fertility and Application of Fertilizers : International Conference Proceedings. Minsk : IFTs Minfina, 2019. pp. 107–108.
37. Freydkin I. A. Agro-ecological evaluation of efficiency of a new organomineral fertilizers in the conditions of Northwestern Russia : Dissertation … of Candidate of Agricultural Sciences. Saint-Petersburg, 2017. 144 p.
38. Dmitrieva E. D., Leonteva M. M., Syundyukova K. V. Molecular-mass distribution of humic substances and hymatomelanic acids from dif-ferent origin peats of the Tula region. Khimiya rastitelnogo syrya. 2017. No. 4. pp. 187–194.
39. Grekhova I. V. Group structure of organic substance of peat low-lying fields. Agrarnyi vestnik Urala. 2012. No. 6(98). pp. 14–16.

Language of full-text russian
Full content Buy