Journals →  Gornyi Zhurnal →  2022 →  #5 →  Back

ArticleName The BSSR peat industry development
DOI 10.17580/gzh.2022.05.11
ArticleAuthor Solodovnikov S. Yu., Sergievich T. V.

Belarusian National Technical University, Minsk, Belarus:

S. Yu. Solodovnikov, Head of Department, Professor, Doctor of Economic Sciences,
T. V. Sergievich, Associate Professor, Candidate of Economic Sciences


We explored the BSSR peat industry formation and development in the article. The Republic of Belarus possesses essential peat resources used for the warming, fertilizing and other purposes for many centuries. In the meanwhile, the peat industry history and development in Belarus lacks proper presentation and description in scientific literature on economy, which means insufficient exposure of the peat mining background, little attention paid to the place of the peat industry in Belarusian economy and scarce analysis of employment in the peat industry. The peat use for the domestic, agricultural and industrial purposes on Belarusian lands began in the Russian Empire. But the peat industry as a separate branch of the national economy originated only in the 1920s as a result of organizational, economic, technical and technological, institutional, scientific and personnel support for the peat industry development. The peat importance in the national economy of the BSSR was determined by: large reserves of peat; the lack of the possibility of fuel self-sufficiency of the BSSR at the expense of other resources; good physical, chemical, organic, heat-conducting properties of peat and its suitability for use in agricultural and other purposes. The article shows the importance of the peat industry growth in the BSSR industrialization as a factor in the fuel and energy supply of this process and as an incentive for the formation of Belarusian heavy engineering. The close connection of the peat industry with the fuel and energy and agro-industrial complexes that make up the critical infrastructure makes it expedient to support it to ensure the economic and national security of Belarus.

keywords Belorussian SSR, peat industry, formation, history of peat industry, industrialization of the BSSR, economic and national safety

1. Lishtvan I. I., Lis L. S. Stages of formation and the development of peat, peat deposits and sapropel science. Trudy Instorfa. 2019. No. 19(72). pp. 3–17.
2. Kostyuk N. S. Belarusian SSR – The Republic of Peat. Minsk, 1958. 131 p.
3. Reshetnikov K. A., Kobozov A. I. Peat mining in Belarus. Reprint from the Journal Sovetskoe stroitelstvo. 1928. No. 2. 12 p.
4. Sumburova E. I., Zaelskaya S. A. GOELRO Plan – An Innovative Program for the Development of the National Economy. Economic Systems in the New Era: Stable Systems in an Unstable World. Series: Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems. Cham : Springer, 2021. Vol 160. pp. 352–357.
5. Solopov S. G. Peat in the national economy. Moscow : Znanie, 1959. 32 p.
6. Misnikov O. S., Kopenkina L. V. Peat mining uprising in Russia. Gornyi Zhurnal. 2020. No. 2. pp. 95–99. DOI: 10.17580/gzh.2020.02.15
7. Misnikov O. S., Kopenkina L. V. Moscow Mining Academy and higher education advances in the area of peat mining and production. Gornyi Zhurnal. 2018. No. 4. pp. 15–19. DOI: 10.17580/gzh.2018.04.03
8. Zyuzin B. F., Misnikov O. S., Panov V. V., Kopenkina L. F. Russian peat industry: results of the past, view into the future. Gornyi Zhurnal. 2013. No. 5. pp. 7 3–76.
9. Kozulin A., Tanovitskaya N., Minchenko N. Developing a national strategy for the conservation and sustainable use of peatlands in the Republic of Belarus. Mires and Peat. 2018. Vol. 21. 5. DOI: 10.19189/MaP.2016.OMB.227
10. Kharitonchik S. V., Vorobev A. G., Kologrivko A. A., Kuksa A. N. The Belarusian National Technical University in the forefront of the scientific and technical progress: Academic research and personnel training in the mineral mining sector. Gornyi Zhurnal. 2020. No. 11. pp. 5–12.
11. Tcvetkov P. S. The history, present status and future prospects of the Russian fuel peat industry. Mires and Peat. 2017. Vol. 19. 14. DOI: 10.19189/MaP.2016.OMB.256
12. Chernyi I. L. The place of peat in the national economy of the Belarusian SSR. Peat in the National Economy of the Belarusian SSR : Peat Conference Proceedings. Minsk : Izdatelstvo AN BSSR, 1948. pp. 10–24.
13. Lyshev I. A., Lyubimov I. E. The BSSR industry to be driven to the advanced position. Minsk, 1933. 94 p.
14. Kopenkina L. V. The scientific researchers in the field of peat extraction, processing and application in great patriotic war years. Trudy Instorfa. 2020. No. 21(74). pp. 48–52.
15. Kunitskiy V. P. Progressability of the peat industry. Peat in the National Economy of the Belarusian SSR : Peat Conference Proceedings. Minsk : Izdatelstvo AN BSSR, 1948. pp. 25–37.
16. Industry in the Belarusian SSR : Digest. Minsk, 1976. 478 p.
17. Lishtvan I. I., Lis L. S. Stages of the formation and development of peat and sapropel science. Prirodopolzovanie. 2018. No. 2. pp. 6–21.
18. Gearey B. R., Everett R. Running out of time? Peatland rehabilitation, archaeology and cultural ecosystem services. Mires and Peat. 2021. Vol. 27. 31. DOI: 10.19189/MaP.2021.KHR.StA.2195

Language of full-text russian
Full content Buy