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ArticleName Climatic influence on productivity of walking excavators and bulldozers in stripping in gold placer mining
DOI 10.17580/gzh.2022.07.13
ArticleAuthor Pechenkin V. G., Pechenkina A. V., Eremeeva O. S.

Katanov Khakassia State University, Abakan, Russia:

V. G. Pechenkin, Associate Professor, Candidate of Economic Sciences,
A. V. Pechenkina, Associate Professor, Candidate of Economic Sciences
O. S. Eremeeva, Associate Professor, Candidate of Economic Sciences


The state and mineability of placer gold reserves and resources in the Russian Federation is reviewed. Judging from wide application of dragline excavators in peat cutting, it can be effective to use draglines in placer mining at depths up to 50 m due to the much lower cost of stripping compared to the other methods. In this case, it is possible to apply various schemes of direct dumping and wider employment of draglines in actual mining. It is noted that one of the highest influences on productivity of draglines and bulldozers during stripping is the presence of seasonal and perennial frost. Two groups of factors to decrease productivity of walking excavators and bulldozers at negative air temperatures are proposed. The conclusions are made about the difficulty of determining frozen ground cuttability due to the peculiarities of overburden sediment formation and because of deficient detailed studies into the properties of rocks, which govern their strength characteristics during freezing. The less labor-intensive method of calculating productivity reduction of walking excavators and bulldozers during stripping is proposed as the determination of hourly productivity reduction patterns by mathematical methods describing the random nature of phenomena, in particular, by the correlation method. The equations of the hourly productivity reduction of draglines and bulldozers depending on average monthly negative air temperature and the hourly capacity reduction factor as function of seasonal permafrost thickness and perennial permafrost cross-sections in overburden face are derived. It is noted that seasonal freezing governs reduction in productivity of excavators and bulldozers at the beginning of the warm period of the year until the permafrost is completely thawed. Stefan’s formula is suggested, according to which it is possible to calculate the depths of seasonal freezing of peat depending on the average monthly air temperature quite reliably.

keywords Walking excavator, bulldozer, overburden, gold, placer, hourly capacity, correlation analysis, seasonal permafrost, perennial permafrost, freezing depth

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