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ArticleName Outgassing of hydrogen from the Earth and geological signs for prospecting and production
DOI 10.17580/gzh.2022.08.11
ArticleAuthor Kerimov V. Yu.

Sergo Ordzhonikidze Russian State University for Geological Prospecting, Moscow, Russia:

V. Yu. Kerimov, Head of Department, Professor, Doctor of Geological and Mineralogical Sciences,


Hydrogen is the most wide-spread element in the Universe and is an ideal source of energy. Natural hydrogen continuously releases from the Earth as a result of various chemical reactions. Free hydrogen is detected in gas and water in oil and gas reservoirs, in gas released from magmatic and metamorphic rocks, in mine gases, as well as in gas and water in sedimentary strata. The package of geological exploration aimed to find accumulations of gaseous hydrogen in the Earth should include:
– zoning by the signs of hydrogen content, as well as by the scale and intensity of hydrogen outgassing from the Earth on the basis of geological–geochemical and geophysical analyses;
– assessment of natural hydrogen outgassing scale in different structural and tectonic conditions from the analysis and monitoring of hydrogen outgassing, in-situ geochemical research in the hydrogen-promising areas, as well as from the studies of the scale and rate of natural hydrogen outflow;
– 2D and 3D geological–geochemical–geophysical modeling of deep hydrogen reservoirs and flows in different structural and tectonic conditions. Thermodynamics-based physicochemical modeling of interaction between deep fluids and natural hydrogen flows, reservoir water, rocks and gases in the lithosphere;
– development of criteria for deep hydrogen prospecting and diagnostics using a set of geophysical and geochemical methods and aerial photointerpretation data. Geological–geochemical forecast mapping of hydrogen content and its distribution in the land and water area of Russia;
– prospecting and exploration drilling within a hydrogen-bearing object, with trial production of natural hydrogen;
– monitoring of hydrogen outgassing from the Earth on land and sea, and during hydrogen exploration.

keywords Monitoring, geofluid dynamics system, hydrogen migration, carbon dioxide, gas, oil, mineral deposits, coal seams, salt-bearing formations, porous media, Earth’s crust, hydrogen outgassing from the Earth

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