Journals →  Gornyi Zhurnal →  2022 →  #9 →  Back

ArticleName Scientific and practical bases for establishing and introducing integrated geological monitoring in Kupol Mine
DOI 10.17580/gzh.2022.09.05
ArticleAuthor Dashko R. E., Romanov I. S.

Saint-Petersburg Mining University, Saint-Petersburg, Russia:

R. E. Dashko, Professor, Doctor of Geological and Mineralogical Sciences,
I. S. Romanov, Post-Graduate Student


The location of the Kupol gold–silver deposit governs complexity of its geological features within the Okhotsk–Chukotka Volcanic Belt in the zone of high tectonic activity. The present zones with different thermodynamic conditions in permafrost 250–300 m thick at the mining depth greater than 500 m, the cryopags in frozen rocks and in mineralized pressure water below the permafrost sole, the excessive tectonic stresses in thawed rocks, the aggressive physicochemical, chemical and biochemical conditions of the underground hydrosphere dictate the need to develop and introduce the integrated geological monitoring. The monitoring concept and contents are formulated based on the representation of the underground space (US) of a mine as a multicomponent system: fractured rock mass–underground water–microorganisms of underground water–gases of various genesis–load-bearing structures (supports). For each of the components, the necessity and directions of monitoring and observations are determined in the structure of the integrated monitoring system. The interrelation of all US components is shown, and special attention is paid to the operability and long-term stability of rock bolting systems as the main supporting structures that determine mine operation safety. It is emphasized that the mine support systems experience the multifactorial influence of four components: rocks, groundwater, microorganisms and gases. All types of corrosion of mine support systems, including biocorrosion, are identified and systematized, their nature is disclosed and the methodological aspects of recommended control and observations in the specific monitoring system are formulated, which ensures improvement of mining safety and elimination of emergencies through undertaking preventive measures.

keywords Gold–silver deposit, permafrost, rock fracturing, tectonic stress, subpermafrost water, microorganisms, gas, supports, integrated monitoring, biocorrosion.

1. Belyi V. F. Stratigraphy and structures of the Okhotsk–Chukotka Volcanic Belt. Moscow : Nauka, 1977. 171 p.
2. Glukhov A. N. Kupol Au–Ag deposit: its regional geologic setting, structure and ore zoning (the Chukchi Autonomous Area). Vestnik Severo-Vostochnogo nauchnogo tsentra DVO RAN. 2008. No. 3. pp. 34–45.
3. Dashko R. E., Romanov I. S. Forecasting of mining and geological processes based on the analysis of the underground space of the Kupol deposit as a multicomponent system (Chukotka Autonomous Region, Anadyr district. Journal of Mining Institute. 2021. Vol. 247. pp. 20–32.
4. Dashko R. E., Vlasov D. Yu., Shidlovskaya A. V. Geotechnique and underground microbiota. Series : Advances in Modern Geotechnique. Saint-Petersburg, 2014. 279 p.
5. Dashko R. E., Romanov I. S. Geocryological and hydrogeological factor in the analysis and assessment of mine workings stability and mining operations safety at Kupol gold and silver deposit (ChAO, Anadyr Region). Geoekologiya. Inzhenernaya Geologiya, Gidrogeologiya, Geokriologiya. 2020. No. 4. pp. 21–28.
6. Brushkov A. V. Cryobiology and microbiology of permafrost rocks. Proceedings of the 5th Conference of Russian Geocryologists. Moscow : Universitetskaya kniga, 2016. Vol. 3, Iss. 8–13. pp. 201–209.
7. Łowińska-Kluge A., Horbik D., ZgoŁa-Grześkowiak A., Stanisz E., Górski Z. A comprehensive study on the risk of biocorrosion of building materials. Corrosion Engineering, Science and Technology. 2017. Vol. 52, Iss. 1. pp. 13–21.
8. Brouchkov A., Melnikov V., Kalenova L., Fursova O., Pogorelko G. et al. Permafrost Bacteria in Biotechnology: Biomedical Applications. Psychrophiles: from Biodiversity to Biotechnology. 2nd ed. Cham : Springer, 2017. pp. 541–554.
9. Rakitin A., Beletsky A., Mardanov A., Surgucheva N., Sorokin V. et al. Prokaryotic community in Pleistocene ice wedges of Mammoth Mountain. Extremophiles. 2020. Vol. 24, Iss. 1. pp. 93–105.
10. Bulychev N. S. Mechanics of underground structures : Textbook. Moscow : Nedra, 1982. 270 p.
11. Diamec Smart 6. Epiroc Rus LLC, 2022. Available at: (accessed: 04.06.2022).
12. Concentrated loading device PSN-0.12.10. ProgressGeo LLC. Available at: (accessed: 04.06.2022).
13. SAS-90. NPF Geofizika, 2022. Available at: (accessed: 05.06.2022).
14. Grebenkin S. S., Pavlysh V. N., Samoylov V. L., Petrenko Yu. A. Rock mass behavior monitoring : Tutorial. Donetsk, 2010. 193 p.
15. КРА-PA/KPB-PA Pore pressure sensor. 2021. Available at: (accessed: 04.06.2022).
16. Drink water radiation monitoring : Recommended practice. Approved by the State Deputy Chief Medical Officer of the Russian Federation, Order No. 11-2/42-09 dated 4 April 2000. Available at: (accessed: 02.08.2022).

17. Zelyak V. G. Dalstroi’s five metals : History of the mining industry in the northeast in the 1930s–50s. Magadan, 2004. 298 p.
18. Dräger X-am® 8000. Dräger, 2022. Available at: (accessed: 02.06.2022).
19. Constant K6Ts. Konstanta LLC. Available at: (accessed: 05.06.2022).
20. Constant KT. Konstanta LLC. Available at: (accessed: 05.06.2022).
21. Dashko R. E., Alekseev I. V. Engineering-geological and geoecological substantiation of mining safety at a unique deposit of high-grade iron ores (Kursk Magnetic Anomaly, Russia). Proceedings of the 17th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2017. Albena, 2017. Vol. 17, Book 13. pp. 313–320.

Language of full-text russian
Full content Buy