Journals →  Chernye Metally →  2022 →  #10 →  Back

ArticleName Application of the method of atomic emission spectroscopy with microwave (magnetic) plasma in the processes of identifying the chemical composition of steelmaking waste
DOI 10.17580/chm.2022.10.13
ArticleAuthor E. N. Kuzin

Mendeleev University of Chemical Technology of Russia, Moscow, Russia:
E. N. Kuzin, Cand. Eng., Associate Prof., Dept. of Industrial Ecology, e-mail:


As part of the work done, an assessment was made of the possibility of using the method of atomic emission spectral analysis with microwave (magnetic) plasma in the processes of identifying the chemical composition of waste from the metallurgical industry. The features of the design of the domestic device for atomic emission analysis are described, the main advantages are noted, which include the ability to work with concentrated samples with a complex salt background, as well as the possibility of using gases (argon/nitrogen) of technical purity. The main analytical lines for a number of metals have been selected, an internal standard based on water-soluble yttrium compounds has been selected, which makes it possible to level fluctuations in the salt background of the analyzed samples. The adequacy of the data obtained for acidic metal-containing solutions with a minimum (10 times) dilution was assessed. It has been established that a decrease in the dilution factor can significantly reduce the probability of error and improve the quality and speed of analytical control of various materials (including mineral raw materials). As part of the tests, the composition of metalchips selected at various production sites of a machine-building enterprise in the Moscow Region, as well as the composition of the metallurgical scale of the forging and heat treatment of metal, were determined and identified. It has been proven that the initial concentration of salts in the analyzed samples does not significantly affect the reliability of the results obtained, and the error of the analysis results does not exceed 2–3%. The data obtained on the possibility of using atomic emission spectrometers with microwave (magnetic) plasma of domestic production will make it possible to take a step towards import substitution, which in a difficult geopolitical situation will make it possible to take a step towards the implementation of the concept of import substitution.

The authors express their gratitude to N. E. Kruchinina, Doctor of Engineering Sciences, professor, head of the chair for Industrial Ecology, MUCTR, and V. A. Kuchumov, Candidate of Chemical Sciences, head of the laboratory of JSC Spetsmagnit, for help in the development of individual components of the device (plasmatron design) and assistance in research.

keywords Atomic emission analysis with microwave (magnetic) plasma, steel chips, scale

1. De Mello Santos V. H., Campos T. L. R., Espuny M. et al. Towards a green industry through cleaner production development. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 2020. Vol. 29. pp. 349–370.
2. Boyko N. I., Odaryuk V. А., Safonov А. V. The main directions of waste-free and low-waste technologies. Tekhnologii grazhdanskoy bezopasnosti. 2015. Vol. 12, No. 1 (43). pp. 68–72.
3. Yusfin Y. S. Low-waste technologies in the metallurgical industry. Metallurgist. 2002. Vol. 46. Iss. 3/4. pp. 111–116.
4. Mukhametzhanova D. Т., Beysembaev М. К. Waste from metallurgical enterprises, their processing and recycling. Nauka i tekhnika Kazakhstana. 2016. Iss. 3–4. pp. 122–129.
5. Lis T., Nowacki K., Małysa T. Utilization of metallurgical waste in non-metallurgical industry. Solid State Phenomena. 2013. Vol. 212. pp. 195–200.
6. Simpson M. P., Christie A. B. Exploration of New Zealand mineral deposits and geothermal systems using X-ray diffraction (XRD) and reflectance spectrometry (SWIR): A comparison of techniques. GNS Science Report, 2016. 45 p.
7. Borisov S. V., Podberezskaya N. V. X-ray diffraction analysis: A brief history and achievements of the first century. Journal Structural Chemistry. 2012. Vol. 53. pp. 1–3.
8. Zaydel А. N. Fundamentals of spectral analysis. Moscow: Nauka, 1965. 324 p.
9. Kosyanov P. М. X-ray physical analysis of inorganic substances of complex chemical composition: monograph. Tyumen: TIU, 2016. 195 p.
10. Pupyshev A. A. Spectral interferences and their correction in atomic emission spectral analysis. Industrial laboratory. Diagnostics of materials. 2019. Vol. 85. pp. 15–32.
11. Nayak A., Parui K., Sharma Sh., Ratha S. Study and analysis of atomic spectra. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications (IJSRP). 2020. Vol. 10. Iss. 11. pp. 946–955.
12. Balaram V. Microwave Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (MP-AES) and its Applications – A Critical Review. Microchemical Journal. 2020. No. 105483.
13. Balaram V. Strategies to overcome interferences in elemental and isotopic geochemical studies by quadrupole ICP-MS: A critical evaluation of the recent developments. Rapid Communications Mass Spectrometry. 2021. Vol. 35. No. e9065.
14. Balaram V. Assessment of ICP-MS method using the interlaboratory QA study of two Polish soil RMS. Accreditation Quality Assurance. 2000. Vol. 5. pp. 325–330.
15. Balaram V., Rahaman W., Roy P. Recent Advances in MC-ICP-MS applications in the Earth, environmental sciences: challenges and solution. Geosyst. Geoenvironm. 2022. Vol. 1. No. 100019.
16. Broekaert J. A. C., Siemens V., Bings N. H. Microstrip microwave induced plasma on a chip for atomic emission spectral analysis. IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science. 2005. Vol. 33, Iss. 2. pp. 560, 561.
17. Voronkin V. A., Zhbanov I. A., Makienko V. A., Kuchumov V. A., Generalova T. B. Microwave energy source for spectral analysis. Patent RF, No. 40836. Applied: 01.02.1993. Published: 16.01.1995.
18. Buryakov I. N., Dormidontov А. G., Kamynin А. V., Kuchumov V. А., Shumkin S. S., Aleksandrov М. S., Sokolov S. V., Toronov О. G. Modernization of the MSA emission spectrometer for the analysis of the composition of rare-earth magnets at JSC SPETSMAGNIT. Proceedings of the V International Conference with elements of a scientific school for youth, FNM 2014, Suzdal, 6–10 October 2014. pp. 37–38.
19. Kuchumov V. A., Korovin Yu. I., Druzhencov V. V. Spectral characteristics of the capacitively coupled microwave of atmospheric pressure. IV International Workshop, Microwave discharges: Fundamentals and applications, Moscow, 2001. pp. 229–234.
20. Kuchumov V. А., Shumkin S. S. Analysis of chemical composition of the initial alloy in production of permanent magnets from alloys of the Sm–Co system. Nauchno-tekhnicheskie vedomosti SPbGPU. 2017. Vol. 23. No. 1. pp. 219–225.
21. Kuzin Е. N., Kruchinina N. Е. Production of complex coagulants based on mineral concentrates and their use in water treatment. Obogashchenie Rud. 2019. No. 3. pp. 43–48.
22. Kuzin Е. N., Kruchinina N. Е., Fadeev А. B., Nosova Т. I. Principles of pyro-hydrometallurgical processing of quartz-leucoxene concentrate with the formation of a pseudobrukite phase. Obogashchenie Rud. 2021. No. 3. pp. 33–38.
23. Kuzin E. N., Kruchinina N. E., Chernyshev P. I., Vizen N. S. Synthesis of Titanium Trichloride. Inorganic Materials. 2020. Vol. 56, Iss. 5. pp. 507–511.
24. Kuzin E. N., Kruchinina N. E., Galaktionov S. S., Krasnoshchekov А. N. Neutralization of sulfate solutions in complex treatment of diopsidecontaining processing waste. Obogashchenie Rud. 2019. No. 4. pp. 38–43.
25. Kuzin E. N., Kruchinina N. E. Complex coagulants produced from bulk waste and industrial products. Tsvetnye Metally. 2021. No. 1. pp. 13–18.

Language of full-text russian
Full content Buy