Journals →  Gornyi Zhurnal →  2022 →  #12 →  Back

ArticleName Change in seismic activity and rockburst hazard in stoping at SUBR’s Kalia deposit
DOI 10.17580/gzh.2022.12.04
ArticleAuthor Urazbaev T. R., Aksenov A. A., Mulev S. N., Minzaripov R. G.

VNIMI’s Ural Division, Yekaterinburg, Russia:
T. R. Urazbaev, Researcher
A. A. Aksenov, Head of Laboratory, Candidate of Engineering Sciences,


VNIMI, Saint-Petersburg, Russia:
S. N. Mulev, Director of Science


Sevuralboksitruda—SUBR, Severouralsk, Russia:
R. G. Minzaripov, Head of Rockburst Prediction and Prevention Services


Seismic activity at the rockburst-hazardous deposits of SUBR causes sudden failures in underground excavations in the course of room-and-pillar mining. The regional forecast used seismological observations with determination of coordinates and energy of seismic events. This made it possible to find out that the most of seismic events was connected with natural concentrators: abrupt changes in the thickness of ore bodies down to sterile ground and faulting. Using the kriging method, the contour map was constructed for the sheetlike bauxite deposit thickness in Kalia Mine, in block 5u, Level -1220 m, being mined using the room-and-pillar system. The thickness map of the ore deposit is superimposed on the mining plan. For locating source sites of seismic events relative to the deposit, the vertical sections of the latter were constructed in different directions. The results obtained indicate the susceptibility of the ore body thickness to the effects of seismic events. Using the spatial model section, the seismic circumstances of a rock burst were determined. The numerous studies prove the dependence of energy of a seismic event on the distance between its source and a failure point. The rock mass envelope around an extraction panel where rock falls and failures take place in underground excavations after a seismic event is determined. It is revealed that the total released energy of rocks directly depends on the volume and span of the mined-out stope. With decreasing size of the test block along the strike, the specific energy density increases. The forecast calculation of the total energy of seismic events for the next excavation panel is performed. The procedure to detect the increased energy activity areas is developed. It makes it possible to locate high energy sources in advance.

keywords Kalia deposit, model of stoping block, extraction panel, seismic activity, energy density of seismic events, total energy of panel, regional rockburst forecast

1. Petukhov I. M., Batugina I. M., Sidorov V. S., Shabarov A. N., Lodus E. V. et al. Prediction and Prevention of Rock Bursts in Mines. Moscow : Izdatelstvo Akademii Gornykh nauk, 1997. 377 p.
2. Semenova I. E., Avetisyan I. M.Geomechanical foundation for mining in rockburst-hazardous conditions: Concept development. Gornyi Zhurnal. 2022. No. 1. pp. 28–33. DOI: 10.17580/gzh.2022.01.05
3. Xie Heping, Li Cunbao, Gao Mingzhong, Zhang Ru, Gao Feng et al. Conceptualization and preliminary research on deep in situ rock mechanics. Chinese Journal of Rock Mechanics and Engineering. 2021. Vol. 40, Iss. 2. pp. 217–232.
4. Turchaninov I. A., Iofis M. A., Kasparyan E. V. Basis of rock mechanics. 2nd enlarged and revised edition. Leningrad : Nedra, 1989. 488 p.
5. Sadovskiy M. A., Pisarenko V. F. Seismic process in block medium. Moscow : Nauka, 1991. 96 p.
6. Nan Li, Bingxiang Huang, Xin Zhang, Tan Yuyang, Baolin Li. Characteristics of microseismic wavefo rms induced by hydraulic fracturing in coal seam for coal rock dynamic disasters prevention. Safety Science. 2019. Vol. 115. pp. 188–198.
7. Mulev S. N., Bondarev A. V., Panin S. F. Practice of seismic monitoring introduction in coal and ore mines in Russia. Geodynamics and Stress State of the Earth’s Interior : Proceedings of All-Russian Conference with Foreign Participation. Novosibirsk : Izdatelstvo Sibirskogo otdeleniya RAN, 2013. pp. 416–421.
8. Xia-Ting Feng, Jianpo Liu, Bingrui Chen, Yaxun Xiao, Guangliang Feng et al. Monitoring, Warning, and Control of Rockb urst in Deep Metal Mines. Engineering. 2017. Vol. 3, Iss. 4. pp. 538–545.
9. Fanzhen Meng, Hui Zhoi, Zaiquan Wang, Liming Zhang, Liang Kong et al. Experimental study on the prediction of ro ckburst hazards induced by dynamic structural plane shearing in deeply buried hard rock tunnels. International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences. 2016. Vol. 86. pp. 210–223.
10. Aksenov A. A., Morin S. V., Ozhiganov I. A., Shadrin M. A., Sadinov Sh. M. Geomechanical assessment of the Zarmitan gold ore zone of the Navoi Mining and Metallurgical Combinat. Gornyi vestnik Uzbekistana. 2017. No. 4. pp. 29–34.
11. Hoek E., Brown E. T. Underground Excavations in Rock. Boca Raton : CRC Press, 1980. 532 p.
12. Li C. C. Dynamic rock support in burst-prone rock masses. Geomechanics and Geodynamics of Rock Masses : Proceedings of the 2018 European Rock Mechanics Symposium. London : Taylor & Francis Group, 2018. Vol. 1. pp. 47–62.
13. Kurtsev B. V., Fedotov G. S. MICROMINE-based geomechanical supervision of mining. Gornyi Zhurnal. 2022. No. 1. pp. 45–50. DOI: 10.17580/gzh.2022.01.08
14. Lovchikov A. V. Review of the Strongest Rockbursts and Mining-Induced Earthquakes in Russia. Journal of Mining Science. 2013. Vol. 49, Iss. 4. pp. 572–575.
15. Chaulya S. K., Prasad G. M. Sensing and Monitoring Technologies for Mines and Hazardous Areas: Monitoring and Prediction Technologies. Amsterdam : Elsevier, 2016. 432 p.
16. Galchenko Yu. P., Eremenko V. A., Kosyreva M. A., Vysotin N. G. Features of secondary stress field formation under anthropogenic change in subsoil during underground mineral mining. Eurasian Mining. 2020. No. 1. pp. 9–13. DOI: 10.17580/em.2020.01.02
17. Available at: (accessed: 15.06.2022).
18. Khivrin M. V. Prospective directions for the development of multifunctional coal mine safety and security systems. Bezopasnost truda v promyshlennosti. 2019. No. 5. pp. 59–64.

Language of full-text russian
Full content Buy