Journals →  Gornyi Zhurnal →  2023 →  #1 →  Back

ArticleName Geomechanics of ecological crisis
DOI 10.17580/gzh.2023.01.02
ArticleAuthor Galchenko Yu. P.

Academician Melnikov Research Institute of Comprehensive Exploitation of Mineral Resources—IPKON, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia:

Yu. P. Galchenko, Leading Researcher, Professor, Doctor of Engineering Sciences,


In the article, against the analysis of the causes and contradictions that determine the development of the modern global ecological crisis, the role of the geomechanical component is substantiated for the first time and the hypothesis of the transformation of the crisis of reducers into the crisis of geospheres is considered. It is shown that the main distinguishing feature of this crisis is not so much an unprecedented increase in the rate of extraction of lithospheric matter, but rather an increase in the volume of solid waste stored on the Earth’s surface ahead of these rates. A large-scale change in the geomechanical equilibrium of the geological and geonomic environment generates far-reaching environmental consequences and makes it necessary to determine the ways and possibilities of further development of the techno- and biosphere of the Earth in the mode of “coevolution of antagonists”. A hypothesis has been put forward and developed about the structure of anthropogenically altered subsurface as a new ecological and geomechanical object arising in the lithosphere during the development of mineral resources. The joint analysis of indicators characterizing the development of the mineral resource complex (currently and in centennial retrospect) and the physical technosphere as a human habitat is carried out, and it is found that due to the extensive form of technological development of the mining industry, more than half of the matter extracted during the development of lithosphere resources is not involved in economic turnover and becomes one of the components of the developing ecological crisis. The total size of these rocks is almost three times the mass of the created physical technosphere, which dramatically increases the environmental and weight load on the earth’s surface and inevitably leads to its deformation. The necessity and prospects of greening the technological paradigm of the development of mineral resources by materializing the idea of nature-like technologies, with regard to specifics of geological structure of mineral deposits and the methods of their development, are outlined.

keywords Ecological crisis, geomechanics, solid minerals, solid waste, technosphere, mass, technological paradigm

1. Golubev V. S. Sustainable development: A new paradigm. Vestnik Rossiyskoy akademii nauk. 1997. Vol. 67, No. 12. pp. 1104–1107.
2. Panzhin A. Identification of geodynamic movements based on the results of geodetic monitoring measurements. Problems of Complex Development of Georesources : Proceedings of VIII International Scientific Conference. 2020. E3S Web of Conferences. 2020. Vol. 192. 04001. DOI: 10.1051/e3sconf/202019204001
3. Nikolaykin N. I., Nikolaykina N. E., Melekhova O. P. Ecology : Textbook. 9th enlarged and revised edition. Moscow : Infra-M, 2021. 615 p.
4. Komarova N. G. Geoecology and nature management : Tutorial. 4th enlarged and revised edition. Moscow : Akademiya, 2010. 256 p.
5. Kharionovskiy A. A., Grishin V. Yu., Kolikov K. S., Udelova N. P. Problems of using coal mining waste. GIAB. 2021. No. 5. Special issue 10. Ecology and safety in the mining industry. pp. 45–55.
6. Bohlander B. Global Warming Said Devastating Aquatic Ecosystems. 2002. Available at: (accessed: 15.06.2022).
7. Fotopoulos T. The Ecological Crisis as Part of the Present Multidimensional Crisis and Inclusive Democracy. The International Journal of Inclusive Democracy. 2007. Vol. 3, No. 3.
8. Moiseev N. N. Selectals. Moscow : Taydeks Ko, 2003. Vol. 2. Interdisciplinary research of the global problems. Journalism and social issues. 264 p.
9. Batugin A. S., Shevchuk S. V., Shermatova S. S., Golovko I. V., Byambasuren Zunduizhamts. Geoecological hazard monitoring in geodynamic interaction of subsoil use objects. GIAB. 2021. No. 10-1. pp. 63–73.
10. Rodionov V. N., Sizov I. A., Tsvetkov V. M. Basic geomechanics. Moscow : Nedra, 1986. 301 p.
11. Shcherbinina G. P., Prostolupov G. V. Impact of Induced Deformations in Undermined Rock Mass on Gravity Field Transformants. Journal of Mining Science. 2022. Vol. 58, Iss. 1. pp. 27–34.

12. Neronov V. V. Development of concept of ecotones and their role in biological diversity preservation. Biology Bulletin Reviews. 2001. Vol. 121, No. 4. pp. 323–336.
13. Bazhenova E. A. Identification of fault zones within an orebody using a set of geophysical methods. GIAB. 2022. No. 5. pp. 67–83.
14. Kopp O. C. Problems associated with the use of coal. Hazards of mining and preparation. Available at: (accessed: 15.06.2022).
15. Rodionov V. N. Geomechanic’s assay (natural philosophy). Moscow : Nauchnyi mir, 1996. 62 p.
16. Qiming Zhang, Enyuan Wang, Xiaojun Feng, Yue Niu, Muhammad Ali et al. Rockburst Risk Analysis During High-Hard Roof Breaking in Deep Mines. Natural Resources Research. 2020. Vol. 29, Iss. 6. pp. 4085–4101.
17. Buslenko N. P., Kalashnikov V. V., Kovalenko I. N. Lectures on theory of complex systems. Moscow : Sovetskoe radio, 1973. 439 p.
18. Zalasiewicz J., Williams M., Waters C. N., Barnosky A. D., Palmesino J. et al. Scale and diversity of the physical technosphere: A geological perspective. The Anthropocene Review. 2017. Vol. 4, Iss. 1. pp. 9–22.
19. Iglina M. How heavy cities are and how they affect the Earth. 2021. Available at: (accessed: 30.06.2022).
20. Trubetskoy K. N., Galchenko Yu. P. Geology of Subsoil Management and Eco-Geotechnologies of Mineral Mining. Moscow : Nauchtekhlitizdat, 2015. 405 p.
21. Galchenko Yu. P., Eremenko V. A. Evolution of secondary stress field during underground mining of thick ore bodies. Eurasian Mining. 2021. No. 1. pp. 21–24. DOI: 10.17580/em.2021.01.04
22. Galchenko Yu. P., Eremenko V. A., Vysotin N. G., Kosyreva M. A. Justification of functional organization and contents of modeling cluster concept for geomechanical research of convergent mining technologies. Eurasian Mining. 2021. No. 2. pp. 11–17. DOI: 10.17580/em.2021.02.03
23. Eremenko V. A., Galchenko Yu. P., Lipnitskiy N. A., Umarov A. R. Frame mine structure for underground mining of thick ore bodies. Gornyi Zhurnal. 2021. No. 9. pp. 11–18. DOI: 10.17580/gzh.2021.09.02

Language of full-text russian
Full content Buy