Journals →  Gornyi Zhurnal →  2023 →  #1 →  Back

ArticleName 3D structure tectonics model of Yenisei site of the Nizhnekansk Massif
DOI 10.17580/gzh.2023.01.11
ArticleAuthor Akmatov D. Zh., Manevich A. I., Tatarinov V. N., Shevchuk R. V.

Geophysical Center, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia1 ; NUST MISIS’ College of Mining, Moscow, Russia2:

D. Zh. Akmatov, Junior Researcher1, Post-Graduate Student2
A. I. Manevich, Researcher1, Senior Lecturer2,


Geophysical Center, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia1 ; Schmidt Institute of Physics of the Earth, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia2:
V. N. Tatarinov, Chief Researcher1, Head of Laboratory, Doctor of Engineering Sciences2, Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences


Geophysical Center, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia1NUST MISIS’ College of Mining, Moscow, Russia2Schmidt Institute of Physics of the Earth, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia3:
R. V. Shevchuk, Junior Researcher1,3, Post-Graduate Student2


In 2021, in the Yeniseisky region of the Nizhnekansk Massif in the Krasnoyarsk region, construction of an underground research laboratory (URL) was started to justify safety of high-level radioactive waste disposal. The URL investigations aimed to assess preservation of isolation properties of rock mass exposed to long-active rock pressure, tectonic stresses and heat flow within the whole period of effective radiobiological risk of radioactive waste. Based on the geological data analysis, the structure-and-tectonics model of the Yenisei site was developed, including tectonic faults, lithology, intrusives, as well as heavy fracturing and crushing zones. With no large-scale acquisition of geomechanical data on the Lower Kan Massif, the rock stability was estimated at outcrops on ground surface. The results proved the existing hypotheses of the dynamic impact exerted by the Muratov Fault on the Yenisei site. It was also confirmed that the zone of the dynamic impact of the major faults was less stable than the enclosing rock mass while the rock mass composed of dolerite dykes featured the highest stability.
The authors appreciate participation of the researcher from the Nuclear Safety Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Candidate of Geological and Mineralogical Sciences O. A. Morozov in this study. This work was conducted in the framework of budgetary funding of the Geophysical Center of RAS, adopted by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Russian Federation.
The authors express their gratitude to the students of the NUST MISIS’ College of Mining A. V. Nikitenkova and A. K. Niyaz for the help in processing geological data.

keywords Isolation properties, structural–tectonic block, fault, structural data, high-level radioactive waste, underground research laboratory

1. Dorofeev A. N., Bolshov L. A., Linge I. I., Utkin S. S., Saveleva E. A. Strategic Master Plan for R&D Demonstrating the Safety of Construction, Operation and Closure of a Deep Geological Disposal Facility for Radioactive Waste. Radioactive Waste. 2017. No. 1. pp. 19–26.
2. Ewing R. C., Park S. The Concept of Geological Disposal of Highly Radioactive Nuclear Waste. Encyclopedia of Nuclear Energy. Amsterdam : Elsevier, 2021. pp. 588–602.
3. Tatarinov V. N., Morozov V. N., Batugin A. S. An underground research laboratory: New opportunities in the study of the stress–strain state and dynamics of rock mass destruction. Russian Journal of Earth Sciences. 2019. Vol. 19, No. 2. ES2002. DOI: 10.2205/2019ES000659
4. Ju Wang, Liang Chen, Rui Su, Xingguang Zhao. The Beishan underground research laboratory for geological disposal of high-level radioactive waste in China: Planning, site selection, site characterization and in situ tests. Journal of Rock Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering. 2018. Vol. 10, Iss. 3. pp. 411–435.
5. Qiangyong Zhang, Chuancheng Liu, Kang Duan, Zhenjie Zhang, Wen Xiang. True Three-Dimensional Geomechanical Model Tests for Stability Analysis of Surrounding Rock During the Excavation of a Deep Underground Laboratory. Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering. 2020. Vol. 53, Iss. 2. pp. 517–537.
6. Xuechao Wu, Gang Liu, Zhengpi ng Weng, Yiping T ian, Zhiting Zha ng et al. C onstructing 3D geological models based on large-scale geological maps. Open Geosciences. 2021. Vol. 13. pp. 851–866.
7. Tirén S. A, Askling P., Wänstedt S. Geologic site characterization for deep nuclear waste disposal in fractured rock based on 3D data visualization. Engineering Geology. 1999. Vol. 52, Iss. 3-4. pp. 319–346.
8. Tatarinov V. N., Morozov V. N., Kamnev E. N., Manevich A. I. Geodynamic aspects of high-level radioactive waste disposal: A case-study of Nizhnekansky m assif. Gornyi Zhurnal. 2021. No. 3. pp. 108–112. DOI: 10.17580/gzh.2021.03.05
9. Gvishiani A. D., Tatarinov V. N., Manevich A. I., Kaftan V. I. Geodynamic interpretation of modern geodynamic movements in the southern part of the Yenisei Ridge (in application to the problems of underground isolation of radioactive waste). Eurasian Mining. 2021. No. 2. pp. 7–11. DOI: 10.17580/em.2021.02.02
10. Gvishiani A. D., Tatarinov V. N., Kaftan V. I., Manevich A. I., Dzeboev B. A. et al. The Velocities of Modern Horizontal Movements of Earth Crust in the South Sector of Yenisei Ridge According to GNSS Observations. Doklady Earth Sciences. 2020. Vol. 493, Iss. 1. pp. 544–547.
11. Biryuchev I. V., Makarov A. B., Usov A. A. Geo mechanical model of underground mine. Part I. Creation. Gornyi Zhurnal. 2020. No. 1. pp. 42–48. DOI: 10.17580/gzh.2020.01.08
12. Morozov O. A., Rastorguev A. V., Neuvazhaev G. D. Assessing the State of the Geological Environment at the Yeniseiskiy Site (Krasnoyarsk Region). Radioactive Waste. 2019. No. 4(9). pp. 46–62.
13. Sherman S. I., Sorokin A. P., Savitskiy V. A. New methods for the classification of seismoactive lithospheric faults based on the index of seismicity. Doklady Earth Sciences. 2005. Vol. 401, No. 3. pp. 413–416.
14. Kocharyan G. G. Geomechanics of faults. Moscow : GEOS, 2016. 424 p.
15. Eremenko V. A., Vinnikov V. A., Kosyreva M. A., Lagutin D. V. Identification of rock jointing parameters by borehole imaging and interval geotechnical documentation of non-oriented drill cores. Gornyi Zhurnal. 2022. No. 1. pp. 21–26. DOI: 10.17580/gzh.2022.01.04
16. Eremenko V. A., Ainbinder I. I., Marysyuk V. P., Nagovitsyn Yu. N. Guidelines for selecting ground support system for the Talnakh operations based on the rock mass quality assessment. Gornyi Zhurnal. 2018. No. 10. pp. 101–106. DOI: 10.17580/gzh.2018.10.18
17. Barton N. A review of mechanical over-closure and thermal over-closure of rock joints: Potential consequences for coupled modelling of nuclear waste disposal and geothermal energy development. Tunnelling and Underground Space Technology. 2020. Vol. 99. 103379. DOI: 10.1016/j.tust.2020.103379
18. Leontev A. V., Rubtsova E. V., Skulkin A. A. To t he estimate of stress-strain state of the rock mass in the Nizhnekansky region. InterExpo Geo-Sibir. 2020. Vol. 2. pp. 109–116.

Language of full-text russian
Full content Buy