Journals →  Chernye Metally →  2023 →  #2 →  Back

Mechanical Engineering Technologies
ArticleName Machinability of cutting of low-magnetic high-manganese steels
DOI 10.17580/chm.2023.02.12
ArticleAuthor M. A. Admakin, A. D. Khalimonenko, V. P. Zakharova, Nguen Van Dao

St. Petersburg Mining University, St. Petersburg, Russia:

M. A. Admakin, Cand. Eng., Associate Prof., Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, e-mail:
A. D. Khalimonenko, Cand. Eng., Associate Prof., Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, e-mail:
V. P. Zakharova, Cand. Eng., Associate Prof., Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, e-mail:
Nguyen Van Dao, Postgraduate Student, Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, e-mail:


This work is dedicated to the study of machinability during mechanical cutting machining of low-magnetic high-manganese steels. In this work, the scope of application and the main problems arising during mechanical cutting of low-magnetic high-manganese steels are considered. This work presents the results of studies carried out during roughing and finishing external turning of blanks made of round-section rodmaterial and during drilling and threading in the holes of blanks made of low-magnetic high-manganese steel grade 80Г20Ф2Ю (80Mn20V2Al). The wear dependences of a cutting tool made of various tool materials on the back face and cutting forces on the cutting time during roughing and finishing turning, drilling and threading are investigated. Experimental results are presented, empirical dependences of cutting forces and wear along the back face of tools used in the machining process are derived. Mathematical processing of a one-factor experiment on the processing of workpieces made of low-magnetic high-manganese steels was carried out by the method of least squares. The formulas derived from the results of the experiments for the dependence of tool wear along the back face on the operating time for various types of mechanical cutting allow us to develop an optimal strategy for processing workpieces made of low-magnetic, high-manganese steels for automated production conditions. The work presents recommendations on the marginal wear magnitude of the tool used for cutting lowmagnetic high-manganese steels. The paper provides the necessary explanations and recommendations on machining by cutting, allowing to optimize the choice of the state of the tool's cutting part and the technological processes of manufacturing parts from lowmagnetic high-manganese steels.

keywords Machinability by cutting, machining, cutting modes, tool wear, cutting force, low-magnetic high-manganese steels, turning, drilling, tool durability period, threading

1. Nguyen K. L., Gabov V. V., Zadkov D. A. Improving efficiency of cleanup and coal flow formation on conveyor by shearer loader with accessorial blade. Eurasian Mining. 2019. No. 1. pp. 37–39.
2. Ivanov S. L., Ivanova P. V., Kuvshinkin S. Yu. Evaluation of the operating time of mining excavators of a promising model range in real operating conditions. Zapiski Gornogo instituta. 2020. Vol. 242. No. 2. pp. 228–233.
3. Zhukov I. A., Smolyanitsky B. N., Timonin V. V. Improvement of Down-the-Hole Air Hammer Efficiency by Optimizing Shapes of Colliding Parts. Journal of Mining Science. 2018. Vol. 54. No. 2. pp. 212–217.
4. Litvinenko V. S., Dvoynikov M. V., Trushko V. L. Elaboration of a conceptual solution for the development of the Arctic shelf from seasonally flooded coastal areas. International Journal of Mining Science and Technology. 2022. Vol. 32. pp. 113–119.
5. Kopac J. Hardening phenomena of Mn-austenite steels in the cutting process. Journal of Materials Processing Technology. 2001. Vol. 109. 1-2. pp. 96–104.
6. Gurevich Ya. L., Gorokhov M. V., Zakharov V. I. et al. Cutting conditions for difficult-tomachine materials: handbook. Moscow: Mashinostroenie, 1986. 240 p.
7. Poduraev V. N. Cutting difficult-to-cut materials. Moscow: Vysshaya shkola, 1974. 587 p.
8. Bolobov V. I., Akhmerov E. V., Rakitin I. V. Influence of the type of rock on the patterns of wear of the crown of the excavator bucket tooth. Gorny informatsionno-analiticheskiy byulleten. 2022. Vol. 6. No. 2. pp. 189–204.
9. Kivak T., Uzun G., Ekici E. An experimental and statistical evaluation of the cutting parameters on the machinability of hadfield steel. Gazi University Journal of Science. 2016. Vol. 29. pp. 9–17.
10. Shifrin А. Sh. Machining high manganese steels: overview. Shipbuilding Technology Center. Leningrad: Rumb, 1975. 92 p.
11. Ali A. K., Fatah T. A., Gaafer A. M., Mahmoud T. S. Machinability of manganese steel during turning process. Journal of Engineering and Applied Science. 2020. Vol. 67, No. 2. pp. 487–505.
12. Ekici E. Milling behavior of Hadfield steel with cryogenically treated tungsten carbide inserts. Materialpruefung/Materials Testing. 2015. Vol. 57. No. 11-12. pp. 968–976.
13. Zellagui R., Hemmouche L., Ait-Sadi H., Chelli A. Effect of Element Addition, Microstructure Characteristics, Mechanical Properties, Machining and Welding Processes of the Hadfield Austenitic Manganese Steel. Archives of Metallurgy and Materials. 2022. Vol. 67. pp. 863–868.
14. Yilmaz V., Sankaya M., Dilipak H. Investigation of deep-drilled micro-hole profiles in Hadfield steel. Materialpruefung/Materials Testing. 2016. Vol. 58. No. 3. pp. 224–230.
15. Pyatykh A., Savilov A., Timofeev S. Investigation of Hadfield Steel Machinability in Milling Operations. Key Engineering Materials. 2022. Vol. 910. pp. 123–128.
16. Horng J.-T., Liu N.-M., Chiang K.-T. Investigating the machinability evaluation of Hadfield steel in the hard turning with Al2O3/TiC mixed ceramic tool based on the response surface methodology. Journal of Materials Processing Technology. 2008. Vol. 208. No. 1-3. pp. 532–541.
17. Özler, L., Inan, A., Özel, C. Theoretical and experimental determination of tool life in hot machining of austenitic manganese steel. International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture. 2001. Vol. 41. No. 2. pp. 163–172.
18. Artamonov E. V., Tveryakov A. M., Shtin A. S. Determination of conditions ensuring maximum operability of replaceable hard-alloy cutting plates during blade processing. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering. 2020. Vol. 971. No. 2. 022045.
19. Jiao A., Liu W. Study of Manufacturing Process of Holes in Aeroengine Heat Shield. International Journal of Aerospace Engineering. 2019. 5194268
20. Maksarov V. V., Vasin S. A., Efimov A. E. Dynamic Stabilization in Reaming Internal Surfaces of Welded Components. Russian Engineering Research. 2021. Vol. 41. No. 10. pp. 939–943.
21. OST 5.9659–77. Mechanical processing of high-manganese steels. Geometry if cutting tools and cutting procedures. Introduced: 01.01.1979.
22. Mokritskii B. J., Shelkovnikov V. Y. Turning and milling conceptual issues. Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems. 2021. Vol. 200. pp. 538–547.
23. Antsev А. V., Pasko N. I., Antseva N. V. Optimization of cutting speed and tool replacement in the processing of ferrous metals, taking into account the spread of the tool life. Chernye Metally. 2019. No. 5. pp. 41–45.
24. Mavliutov A. R., Zlotnikov E. G. Optimization of cutting parameters for machining time in turning process. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering. 2018. Vol. 327. No. 4. p. 42069.
25. Admakin М. А., Semenyuk N. А. Investigation of drilling and threading operations in the processing of low-magnetic high-manganese austenitic steel. Nedelya nauki SPbPU. 2018. pp. 313–316.
26. Maksarov V., Efimov A., Olt J. Improving the quality of hole processing in welded products made of dissimilar materials with a new boring tool. International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology. 2022. Vol. 118. No. 3-4. pp. 1027–1042.
27. Admakin М. А., Semenyuk N. А., Pichuzhnikov А. V. Investigation of the machinability of Hadfield steel. Nauchny potentsial molodezhi i technicheskiy progress. 2019. pp. 34–37.
28. Bezyazychny V. F., Scherek М. Development of research on thermal processes in mechanical engineering technology. Zapiski Gornogo instituta. 2018. Vol. 232. pp. 395–400.
29. Zhukov E. L., Kozar I. I., Olodyazhniy D. Y. Problems of ensuring quality of a surface layer when producing components from hard-to-process heat resistant alloys. Acta Metallurgica Slovaca. 2016. Vol. 22. No. 2. pp. 128–132.
30. Pompeev K. P., Timofeev D. Yu. Precision dimensional analysis in CAD design of reliable technologies. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science. 2018. Vol. 194. No. 2. 022028.
31. Kulchitskiy A. Optical inspection systems for axisymmetric parts with spatial 2d resolution. Symmetry. 2021. Vol. 13. No. 7. p. 1218.
32. Maksarov V. V., Keksin А. I., Filipenko I. А. Influence of the magnetic-abrasive processing on the roughness of flat products made of AMTs grade aluminum alloy. Tsvetnye Metally. 2022. No. 7. pp. 82–87.
33. Kadochnikov V. G., Dvoynikov M. V. Development of Technology for Hydromechanical Breakdown of Mud Plugs and Improvement of Well Cleaning by Controlled Buckling of the Drill String. Applied Sciences. 2022. Vol. 13. No. 12. p. 6460.
34. Serbin D. V., Dmitriev А. N. Experimental studies of the thermal method of drilling by melting a well in an ice massif with simultaneous controlled expansion of its diameter. Zapiski Gornogo instituta. 2022, Vol. 257. pp. 1–10.
35. GOST 19257–73. Holes for metric thread cutting. Diameters. Moscow : Izdatelstvo standartov. 2002.

Language of full-text russian
Full content Buy