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Название Influence of pick blunting on hydraulic breaker capacity in fracture of granite blocks
DOI 10.17580/em.2023.02.22
Автор Bolobov V. I., Chupin S. A., Le-Thanh B.
Информация об авторе

Saint Petersburg Mining University, Saint Petersburg, Russia

Bolobov V. I., Professor, Senior Researcher, Doctor of Engineering Sciences
Chupin S. A., Associate Professor, Candidate of Engineering Sciences, chupin_sa@pers.spmi.ru

Vinacomin—Institute of Energy & Mining Mechanical Engineering (IEMM), Hanoi, Vietnam

Le-Thanh B., Senior Researcher


The necessary condition for the operation of crushers in the production of crushed granite is feeding of the crushers with granite fragments of a certain size. At the same time, granite fragmentation after blasting does not always meet the required size for the crushers and needs additional destruction by blasting or disintegration directly on site. Hydraulic breakers are most often used in disintegration of oversizes. For example, in quarries in Vietnam, JCB HM380 hydraulic breakers with a fracture energy of up to 2.5 kJ are widely used. The working tools of the hydraulic breakers are steel picks of various diameters and shapes. The operation of this tool is accompanied by its intensive wear due to the impact-abrasive action of rocks; the pointed part of the tool gets gradually blunted, which affects the rate of penetration of the pick in rock. In this regard, it is relevant to determine the influence exerted by the degree of wear of the pick on the performance of the hydraulic breaker, and to find out whether replacement or re-sharpening of the pick is expedient. In this paper, based on the previously determined crack propagation velocity in granite and the impact time, the length of the fracture is calculated. The dimensions of a crack in a granite block are calculated depending on the degree of blunting of the pick at a certain number of blows per cycle. At the same time, the limiting value of a crack that causes chipping of a piece from rock mass was considered as the fracture length to free surface at different degrees of pick blunting. Based on these calculations, the average productivity and energy input of disintegration process were determined. It is shown that for a tool with a completely worn tip, the decrease in the productivity and the increase in the energy input of fracture reach two times compared with a sharpened pick. In this regard, from the point of view of increasing the hydraulic breaker capacity, it is advisable to replace or re-sharpen the pick after complete wear of its tip.

Ключевые слова Hydraulic breaker pick, degree of blunting, capacity, granite, oversize crushing
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Полный текст статьи Influence of pick blunting on hydraulic breaker capacity in fracture of granite blocks