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ArticleName Microstructural evolution and crystallographic texture in the production of aluminium strips for food containers industry. Part 2
DOI 10.17580/tsm.2018.11.09
ArticleAuthor Hirsch J., Grechnikova A. F., Aryshensky E. V., Drits A. M.

Korolev Samara National Research University, Samara, Russia:

J. Hirsch, Senior Researcher

E. V. Aryshensky, Associate Professor at the Department of Metals Technology and Aviation Materials Engineering


Arkonik SMZ, Samara, Russia:
A. F. Grechnikova, Lead Process Engineer
A. M. Drits, Director for Business and New Technology Development, e-mail:


This paper offers a systemized overview of the results of scientific research and practical studies that were carried out over the course of many years by RWTH Aachen University, Samara University and MISiS in the area of thermomechanical processing of the АА 3104 aluminium sheets and strips used in food containers manufacturing. In this paper, the authors focus on the effect produced by thermomechanical rolling on the crystallographic evolution of metal and the level of earing. The authors describe how they can obtain an acceptable level of earing, and namely by superposing the cubic textures that form ears at 0/90 degrees, on the rolling-induced textures that produce ears at 45 degrees. Cubic texture starts to form once the strip hot rolling process has ended as the strip is cooling down. The quality of the texture depends on the rate and degree of deformation and the final rolling temperature. Partially or completely non-recrystallized structures can be observed when the finishing temperatures are below 300 oC. As a result, the grains fail to turn to acquire a cubic orientation, and only the deformation texture remains after hot rolling, which continues to develop during further cold rolling. With no compensation, such texture results in the occurrence of unacceptably high 45 degree ears after drawing. To prevent this development, the hot rolling operation should have high temperatures and speeds to produce enough deformation, which could activate the recrystallization process during the cooling stage. In this case, the hot-rolled strip would predominantly have a cubic texture, which would later be compensated with the deformation texture formed by cold rolling at high reduction rates. With the resultant combination of textures, the ears that form after drawing prove to be acceptably low.

keywords Aluminium, can body strip, hot rolling, homogenization, texture, structure, orientation distribution functions, deep drawing

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