Journals →  Gornyi Zhurnal →  2022 →  #4 →  Back

ArticleName Safe and effective methods for mining thin tilt and steeply dipping deposits with ore drawing via mud flow
DOI 10.17580/gzh.2022.04.13
ArticleAuthor Volkov A. P., Buktukov N. S., Kuanyshbaiuly S.

Kunaev Institute of Mining, Almaty, Kazakhstan:

A. P. Volkov, Head of Laboratory, Candidate of Engineering Sciences,
N. S. Buktukov, Director, Professor, Doctor of Engineering Sciences


Kazakhmys Corporation, Nur-Sultan, Kazakhstan:

S. Kuanyshbaiuly, Head of the Mining Department


For mining of thin (1–3m) tilt (15–45°) ore bodies, it is recommended to use the mining method with induced mud–water–stone flows to deliver broken ore up-dip the bodies in combination with scraper handling of ore along the strike and water jet washing of ore when forming columnar pillars, including underhand ore cutting, with division of blocks into many long stopes along the block strike, heading of one or two tilted accumulation and haulage rooms to be close-looped with the long stopes, scraping of broken ore to the tilt accumulation and haulage rooms and mud flow of ore along these rooms. This method can increase the stoping capacity as per the number of stopes in a block: for example, in a 160 m wide, only two tilt rooms are required to be headed between levels. The artificial mud flows in mining (or re-mining) of thin and steeply dipping ore bodies which have their girtwise bottom boundary skewed at 15–45 °, are no less effective. For the purpose of mining (re-mining) of such reserves, it is proposed to use a process flowsheet as follows: broken ore flows under gravity to the lower part of the extraction block and, then, along the tilted bottom of the block, it goes down under the action of gravity and energy of water flow in the mode of the mud–water–stone flow to the ore intake room on this level. In this case, as against mechanical haulage, the mud flow of broken ore essentially enhances the ore production output owing to the high capacity of the mud flow, and greatly reduces the scope of the preparatory and actual mining operations connected with the block bottom formation.
The study was supported in the framework of the Target Financing Program of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Program No. 2018/ВR05236712.

keywords Thin tilted ore deposit, artificial mud flow, mud flow delivery, process flowsheet, columnar pillar, ore intake room, safety, efficiency

1. Dubiński J. Sustainable Development of Mining Mineral Resources. Journal of Sustainable Mining. 2013. Vol. 12, Iss. 1. pp. 1–6.
2. Ben-Awuah E., Richter O., Elkington T., Pourrahimian Y. Strategic mining options optimization: Open pit mining, underground mining or both. International Journal of Mining Science and Technology. 2016. Vol. 26, Iss. 6. pp. 1065–1071.
3. King B., Goycoolea M., Newman A. Optimizing the open pit-to-underground mining transition. European Journal of Operational Research. 2017. Vol. 257, Iss. 1. pp. 297–309
4. Sebutsoe T. C., Musingwini C. Characterizing a mining production system for decision-making purposes in a platinum mine. The Journal of the Southern African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy. 2017. Vol. 117, Iss. 2. pp. 199–206.
5. Castro R., Pineda M. The role of gravite flow in the desing and planning of large sublevel stopes. The Journal of the Southern African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy. 2015. Vol. 115, Iss. 2. pp. 113–118.
6. Trubetskoy K. N., Galchenko Yu. P., Shuklin A. S. High-efficiency geotechnology for integrated development of flat and inclined lodes. Gornyi Zhurnal. 2018. No. 2. pp. 73–77. DOI: 10.17580/gzh.2018.02.10

7. Antipin Yu. G., Baranovckiy K. V., Solomein Yu. M., Rozhkov A. A. Survey of underground geotechnology for mining of inclined low thickness ore body. GIAB. 2020. No. 3-1. pp. 285–299.
8. Sergeev S., Zinchenko A., Yurchenko G. In-situ estimation of stress-strain behavior of reinforcedconcrete landing support. Geomechanics and Geodynamics of Rock Masses : Proceedings of the 2018 European Rock Mechanics Symposium. London : Taylor & Francis Group, 2018. Vol. 2. pp. 1311–1315.
9. Dimitrakopoulos R. Advances in Applied Strategic Mine Planning. Cham : Springer, 2018. 800 p.
10. Karpov A. N., Usachev D. F., Yumvin V. V., Pavlovskiy A. I. Improvement of ore haulage in stopes in Sarala mine. Geology and Mining : Conference Proceedings. Krasnoyarsk, 1973. Vol. 5. pp. 56–59.
11. Gribanov V. F., Elovikov I. V., Maulenkulov S. M. et al. Method of working ore bodies of steep and inclined deposits. Patent SSSR, No. 573594. Applied: 19.06.1973. Published: 25.09.1977. Bulletin No. 35.
12. Gribanov V. F., Seydaliev A. S. Development of flat dipping ore bodies with ore drawing by blasting and water jet. Alma-Ata, 1987. 71 p.
13. Fleyshman S. M. Mudflows. 2nd enlarged and revised edition. Leningrad : Gidrometeoizdat, 1978. 312 p.
14. Dyukov V. L., Bakhmagambetov B. B. Mud mine flows versus natural mud flows. Kompleksnoe ispolzovanie mineralnogo syrya. 1987. No. 9. pp. 3–6.
15. Buktukov N. S., Volkov A. P., Baitov Zh. K. Analysis of water-and-rock mudflows in mines using a physical model. Science and technology to support mining production : Collected papers. Almaty, 2016. Iss. 88. pp. 79–87.
16. Volkov A. P., Shamganova L. S., Baitov Zh. K. Safe and efficient underground mining of inclined ore bodies with artificial mud–water–flow of broken ore. The 25th World Mining Congress Proceedings. Astana, 2018. pp. 895–901.
17. Beriashvili A. T., Pikulina V. M. A new approach to solving the problem of variable copper recovery on the example of the Zhezkazgan ore field. Obogashchenie Rud. 2018. No. 5. pp. 40–44. DOI: 10.17580/or.2018.05.07
18. Raimzhanov B. R., Mukhitdinov A. T., Bekmurzaev B. B., Khasanov A. R. Evaluation and selection of deeper level ore mining systems for Zarmitan mine. GIAB. 2018. No. 1. pp. 41–49.
19. Egemberdiev R. I., Volkov Yu. A. Justification of mining technology and its parameters for thin and steeply dipping ore bodies (lodes). GIAB. 2019. No. 10. pp. 22–34.

Language of full-text russian
Full content Buy