Journals →  Eurasian Mining →  2022 →  #1 →  Back

ArticleName An innovative way of underground mining
DOI 10.17580/em.2022.01.07
ArticleAuthor Oryngozhin Y. S., Bitimbaev M. Zh., Milеtenko N. A., Alisheva Zh. N.

AUPET named after Gumarbek Daukeyev, Almaty, Kazakhstan:

Oryngozhin Y. S., Chief Researcher, Academician, Doctor of Engineering Sciences,


D. A. Kunaev Institute of Mining, Almaty, Kazakhstan:

Bitimbaev M. Zh., Leading Researcher, Doctor of Engineering Sciences

Alisheva Zh. N., Senior Researcher


Research Institute of Comprehensive Exploitation of Mineral Resources—IPKON, Russian Academy of Science, Moscow, Russia:

Milеtenko N. A., Senior Researcher, Candidate of Engineering Sciences


All engineering solutions in ore mining have their starting point, when the very idea of development of a new deposit appears. The creation of the required market for one or another commercial product extracted from the subsoil remains one of the most significant factors in development of civilization in the 21st century and, therefore, needs effective and preventive management of the condition and evolution of the production framework for the mining and metallurgical sector. Based on the foregoing, the conclusions have been made, that make it possible to create optimal conditions for the use of mineral raw materials in the development of the economy of the future, including modification of underground mining technologies which should radically change both from the standpoint of maintaining the natural balance of the subsoil and ecological cleanliness, as well as the comprehensive and maximum possible extraction completeness. One of the most optimal factors that effectively influence creation of a modern mine image is the underground mining technology and organization. The article shows the advantages of using the bottom-up method of mining, when mining operations create a bottom-up stoping front not within one horizon as in the traditional concept, but conditions accessing of an ore body to the full depth and subsequent stoping in ascending series from the lower boundaries of the ore body (or whole deposit). The proposed method can be successfully applied in the hybrid technology with simultaneous and / or sequential use of open-pit and underground methods. Accessing via haulage ramps using self-propelled equipment in case of the bottom-up mining method enjoys a new application domain since it simultaneously takes on the role of ubiquitous operational exploration, because the ramps can be cut in ore, which allows stoping already during mine construction. At the same time, the volumes of waste rock excavation are significantly reduced. The proposed method of mining solves the important problems of reducing losses and dilution, increasing economic efficiency, including decrease in the capital costs and in the time of capital return, while ensuring mining safety and maintaining the natural balance of the subsoil.

keywords Underground mining method, haulage ramp, stoping area control, operational exploration, capital costs, losses and dilution

1. Trubetskoy K. N. Mining sciences. Development and conservation of the Earth’s interior. Moscow : AGN, 1997. p. 478.
Viktorov S. D., Iofis M. A., Goncharov S. A. Displacement and destruction of rocks. Moscow : Nauka, 2005. 275 p.
2. Shadrunova I. V., Gorlova O. E., Kolodezhnaya E. V. Adaptation approach to the separation of deep and complex processing of mineral raw materials as the basis of environmental management and reduction of anthropogenic impact on the environment. GIAB. 2016. No. 1. pp. 125–144.
3. Chanturia V. A. Scientific substantiation and development of innovative approaches to integrated mineral proces sing. Gornyi Zhurnal. 2017. No. 11. pp. 7–13. DOI: 10.17580/gzh.2017.11.01
4. Khorolskyi A., Hrinov V., Kaliushenko O. Network models for searching for optimal economic and environmental strategies for field development. Procedia Environmental Science, Engineering and Management. 2019. Vol. 6, No. 3. pp. 463–471.
5. Bitimbayev M. Zh., Krupnik L. A., Aben Kh. Kh. et al. Adjustment of backfill composition for mineral mining under open pit bottom. Gornyi Zhurnal. 2017. No. 2. pp. 57–61. DOI: 10.17580/gzh.2017.02.10
6. Krupnik L. A., Bitimbayev M. Zh., Shaposhnik S. N. et al. Validation of rational backfill technology for Sekisovskoe deposit. Journal of Mining Science. 2015. Vol. 51, No. 3. pp. 522–528.
7. Trubetskoy K. N., Galchenko Yu. P. Basics of mining. Moscow : Akademicheskiy proekt Publ., 2010. pp. 264.
8. Foo N., Bloch H., Salim R. The optimisation rule for investment in mining projects. Resources Policy. 2018. Vol. 55. pp. 123–132.
9. Trenczek S. Study of influence of tremors on combined hazards. Longwall mining operations in co-occurrence of natural hazards. A case study. Journal of Sustainable Mining. 2016. No. 15, Iss. 1. pp. 36–47.
10. Pathegama G. R., Jian Zhao, Minghe Ju. et al. Opportunities and Challenges in Deep Mining: A Brief Review. Engineering. 2017. Vol. 3, Iss. 4. pp. 546–551.
11. Oryngozhin Ye. S., Yeremin N. A., Metaxa G. P. et al. Underground uranium borehole leaching. News of the National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Series of Geology and Technical Sciences. 2020. Vol. 4, No. 442. pp. 62–69.
12. Musingwini C. Optimization in underground mine planningdevelopments and opportunities. Journal of the Southern African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy. 2016. Vol. 116, No. 9. DOI: 10.17159/2411-9717/2016/v116n9a1
13. Komashenko V. I., Vsiliev P. V., Maslennikov S. A. Dependable raw materials base for underground mining the KMA deposits. Izvestija Tulskogo Gosudarstvennogo Universiteta. Nauki o Zemle. 2016. No. 2. pp. 101–114.

Full content An innovative way of underground mining