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ArticleName Modeling impact fracture of rock by hydraulic hammer pick with regard to its bluntness
DOI 10.17580/em.2022.01.15
ArticleAuthor Bolobov V. I., Chupin S. A., Le-Thanh B.

Saint Petersburg Mining University, Saint Petersburg, Russia:

Bolobov V. I., Senior Researcher, Professor, Doctor of Engineering Sciences,
Chupin S. A., Associate Professor, Candidate of Engineering Sciences


Vinacomin—Institute of Energy and Mining Mechanical Engineering (IEMM), Hanoi, Viet Nam:
Le-Thanh B., Senior Researcher


Destruction of rocks and artificial composites is carried out in various ways. One of the most common methods is the impact fracture. The conical pick of JCB HM380 hydraulic breaker was used as the impact tool. The experimental study of rock fracture was carried out on an artificial composite—concrete. The depth of penetration of the pick into concrete was used as the test parameter. The model was based on the model of Professor V. B. Sokolinsky. The model developed in this work takes into account the degree of bluntness of the tool insingle and multiple impact. The system was considered as a two-component system due to the high stiffness of the pick–granite contact (as against the hammer piston–pick stiffness). The wave processes in the pick were disregarded because of the small length of the pick. The pick penetration depth in rocks was calculated theoretically, using the developed mathematical model, at each impact of the pick, and then was compared with the experimental data. The fracture tests also used JCB HM380 breaker and concrete. The penetration depth was determined from the step-frame analysis of video filming of the process. It is found that the pick blunting causes a monotonic increase in the rock resistance to the pick penetration, both in single and multiple impact, while the depth of the tool penetration and the blow time decrease (as compared with the initial state of the tool, by 28% and 20%, respectively).

keywords Hydraulic hammer, pick, bluntness, penetration, granite, mathematical model, impact parameters

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