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ArticleName Study of disintegration processes and dynamic classification of graphite-containing dust from metallurgical production
DOI 10.17580/or.2023.06.07
ArticleAuthor Fadeeva N. V., Orekhova N. N., Kolodezhnaya E. V., Musatkina E. N.

G. I. Nosov Magnitogorsk State Technical University (Magnitogorsk, Russia

Fadeeva N. V., Associate Professor, Candidate of Engineering Sciences, Associate Professor,
Orekhova N. N., Professor, Doctor of Engineering Sciences, Associate Professor,
Kolodezhnaya E. V., Senior Researcher, Candidate of Engineering Sciences,
Musatkina E. N., Assistant,


In 2022, graphite was included in the list of strategic mineral resources of the Russian Federation. In addition to natural ores, the raw material base for flake graphite may also include iron-graphite dust (spill) generated in metallurgical production. This article discusses the basic principles behind air classification of the iron-graphite spill, which serves to separate the material into two streams with narrower size ranges for improved flotation selectivity of graphite particles. The particle size distributions have been studied for the original dust, its centrifugal impact milling products, and the relevant classification and flotation products. The work included an optical microscopic study of the resulting products and of the magnetic and carbon particle size distributions into size classes, as well as flotation experiments aimed to evaluate the classification efficiency. A comparison of the relevant Tromp curves has shown low separation selectivity, with the best results achieved with 0.1 mm grinding. The calculated Terra criterion has values of 0.5 to 0.9, which indicates predominant material composition-based separation in the classification process. It has been established that, when a centrifugal impact mill is used for grinding, iron-containing particles are separated from the surface of graphite flakes without disturbing the shapes of the particles being ground. The flotation process has high selectivity when a fine product with a narrow size range has been separated from the material ground to 0.1 mm. A graphite concentrate with a mass fraction of carbon of 94 % was obtained, with a recovery of 99.56 %.
The work was conducted with the financial support of the Russian Science Foundation within the framework of a grant for fundamental scientific and exploratory research in 2022–2023, agreement No. 22-27-20068, with the participation of the Central Research Laboratory of the Nanosteel Research Institute of the G. I. Nosov Magnitogorsk State Technical University.

keywords Iron-graphite spill, flake graphite, iron-containing particles, centrifugal impact mill, air classification, particle size distribution, classification efficiency, flotation

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